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African american literature research paper

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annotated articles 1. African American Literature Paper. explain why annotated bibliographies are useful for researchers. 2. provide an explanation of murakami, what constitutes an annotation. American Literature Research Paper. 3. African American Paper. describe various types of annotations and styles for literature writing them. 4. offer multiple examples of annotated bibliographies in the MLA, APA, and CBE styles of difference and city essay, citation. • encourages you to think critically about the content of the african literature paper works you are using, their place within a field of study, and their relation to your own research and ideas. Essays On Takashi Murakami. • proves you have read and understand your sources. • establishes your work as a valid source and you as a competent researcher. • orients your study and topic in a continuing professional conversation. • provides a way for others to decide whether the source will be helpful to their research if they read it. • could help interested researchers determine whether they are interested in a topic by providing background information and an idea of the kind of work going on in a field. 2. Research. Explanation of main points and/or purpose of the work, basically its thesis, which shows among other things that you have read and thoroughly understand the source. 3. Verification or critique of the authority or qualifications of the author. 4. Comments on the worth, effectiveness, and usefulness of the work in terms of both the topic being researched and/or your own research project.

5. The point of view or perspective from which the work was written. For instance, you may note if the author seemed to have particular biases or was trying to village and city essay, reach a particular audience. 6. Relevant links to other work done in the area, like related sources, possibly including a comparison with some of those already on your list. You may want to establish connections to african american literature research paper, other aspects of the same argument or opposing views. • Title your annotated bibliography Annotated Bibliography or Annotated List of Works Cited. • Following MLA format, use a hanging indent for your bibliographic information. Between Village. This means the first line is not indented and all the other lines are indented four spaces (you may ask your instructor if it's okay to tab over literature research paper, instead of using four spaces). • Begin your annotation immediately after the bibliographic information of the start with source ends; don't skip a line down unless you have been told to do so by your instructor. • Annotated bibliographies for APA format do not require a special title. Use the usual References designation. • Like MLA, APA uses a hanging indent: the paper first line is set flush with the left margin, and all other lines are indented four spaces (you may ask your instructor if it's okay to tab over can you start an argumentative essay with, instead of using four spaces). • After the bibliographic citation, drop down to the next line to begin the annotation, but don't skip an extra line. • The entire annotation is indented an additional two spaces, so that means each of its lines will be six spaces from the margin (if your instructor has said that it's okay to tab over african, instead of using the four spaces rule, indent the annotation two more spaces in from that point). • Annotated bibliographies for CBE format do not require a special title. Use the usual References, Cited References, or Literature Cited, and set it flush with the left margin. • Bibliographies for CBE in general are in a slightly smaller font than the rest of the paper. • When using the name-year system, like MLA and APA, the can you start an argumentative first line of each entry is set flush with the left margin, and all subsequent lines, including the annotation, are indented three or four spaces. • When using the citation-sequence method, each entry begins two spaces after the number, and every line, including the annotation, will be indented to match the beginning of the literature research entry, or may be slightly further indented, as in the case of journals. • After the between bibliographic citation, drop down to the next line to begin the annotation, but don't skip an extra line. The entire annotation follows the indentation of the bibliographic entry, whether it's N-Y or C-S format. • Annotations in american research paper, CBE are generally a smaller font size than the essay rest of the bibliographic information. • They give an overview of the arguments and proofs/evidence addressed in the work and note the resulting conclusion. • They do not judge the work they are discussing.

Leave that to the critical/evaluative annotations. Research. • When appropriate, they describe the author's methodology or approach to material. Campus. For instance, you might mention if the african paper source is an ethnography or if the author employs a particular kind of descriptive essay about, theory. • show how the work may or may not be useful for a particular field of study or audience. African Literature Research Paper. • explain how researching this material assisted your own project. Literature. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1971. 68. ed. Boston: Bedford Books of St. Martin's Press, 1991. 47. of Kansas. Intro To Obesity Essay. 8 April 2004 . Center of the British Council. Language-teaching Bibliography.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1968. 146. Annotated Bibliography. African Research Paper. 20 November 2002. Reference Services Division, Olin and. Uris Libraries Cornell University Libraries. 8 April 2004. Modern Language Association of America, 1999. Annotated Bibliography. Speech Input in Multimodal Environments: Effects of.

Perceptual Structure on Speed, Accuracy and Acceptance. 29 March 29, 2004. Memorial University of Newfoundland Libraries. 8 April 2004. Association. 5th ed.

Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association, 2001. On Takashi. CV Writing Services from CV-Shop, the african research paper first step to securing your perfect job.

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Реферат: African American Literature Shine Essay …

Ossett - the history of a Yorkshire town. My grandfather was a coal miner all his life. It was a difficult and african literature research, dangerous occupation, yet essential for the development of to obesity, industry in the U.K. miners were judged so important that they were given exemption from military service in WW1 and WW2. There were coal strikes at the pits in Ossett in african literature research 1893 and 1926 that I am aware of, and probably others that haven't been documented. Although my grandfather didn't work in the Ossett or Gawthorpe mines, I am intrigued by the history of Ossett's coal industry, which employed a large proportion of the men in the town around the end of the 19th century and beyond. The pits at on takashi murakami, old Roundwood, Gawthorpe and Shaw Cross were substantial and there were many more smaller undertakings dating back to the 1790s or earlier. The men who worked in these mines endured terrible working conditions and african literature research paper, accidents were common. Much evidence of the many horrific mining accidents in the Ossett coal mines can be found in the archives of the ' Ossett Observer ' and I have reproduced just a few of the between village and city reported incidents in this account. There were many more. It is said that in 1965, the literature paper NCB had records of twenty-six different coal mines in campus Ossett. However, first indications suggest that there were many more mines than twenty-six and there were certainly many more mineshafts within the boundaries of the town, which have all now been properly filled up.

The old colliery workings at african american research paper, Low Laithes came to national prominence in March 1973 when it was found that a build-up of water in the old workings at the abandoned 19th century pits caused the campus terrible disaster at african literature research, Lofthouse Colliery when seven men lost their lives from a huge inrush of water and sludge. It was later estimated that the old mine workings at Low Laithes had become an underground reservoir containing nearly 3 ½ million gallons of water. Shortly after the disaster, which happened at 2am the campus involvement essay 21st March, a surface visit was made to american the site of the old Low Laithes Colliery and it was found the Bye Pit was exposed and water could be heard falling down the shaft. It was also reported that the Engine Pit and murakami, Bull Pit were exposed and american research paper, water could also be heard falling down them. There was little doubt that there was a direct relationship between the inrush of water into the Lofthouse workings and intro to obesity essay, the water pouring down these old shafts. It is african literature, known that a coal mine was established at difference between village essay, Gawthorpe as long ago as 1366 during the reign of Edward III.

Above: Westfield Colliery circa 1880. Originally owned by Joshua Wilby and located close to the old GNER railway, which connected Ossett with Batley and Wakefield. When Wilby died in 1881, the colliery was purchased by african literature, Henry Westwood and Company. A relatively small mine, in 1896 it employed 56 underground workers and 11 surface workers. The manager was Mr. J. Simpkin and the under-manager, Mr. J. Wilkinson.

Smithson's New Park Colliery, Low Laithes. In 1743, James Fenton leased land to extract coal belonging to can you start a question the Earl of african research, Cardigan in the area surrounding Bushy Beck, near Low Laithes in the townships of Ossett-cum-Gawthorpe, Alverthorpe and West Ardsley. In the event, only a small part of the coalfield was worked and that was in the Ardsley area, because of the difficulty in transporting the coal to the Calder, which was about four miles away. The first recorded pits in Ossett were probably in the Low Laithes area and date back to african the 1790s. American Paper. Robert Smithson (1747-1800) was a gentleman farmer and maltster who leased Low Laithes Farm from the Earl of descriptive essay about my apartment, Cardigan like his family had done for years before him. Smithson leased land nearby his home at Low Laithes to develop his New Park, Kirkhamgate or old Low Laithes Colliery (as it was variously known) from paper 1796. In 1798, he and his Wakefield associate, cloth merchant John Charnock (1752-1811), opened their version of New Park colliery and african american paper, 'Smithson's Tram Road' connecting it with the Calder and Hebble Navigation at Thornes Wharfe, Wakefield. The railway was horse powered and american research paper, had L-section rails mounted on stone block sleepers. There was a parallel railway covering almost the same route to collieries (also confusingly called 'New Park Colliery') owned by difference village and city, Smithson's arch rival and Yorkshire coal-king, William Fenton. Fenton's railway crossed Smithson's on the level near Wakefield, and for several miles higher up the valley towards the african literature research paper pits, the two lines actually ran side-by-side.

Fenton's railway was powered by bullocks rather than horses. Robert Smithson died in 1800, and it is on takashi murakami, said that his early death was partly as a result of the bitter business rivalry with William Fenton, which continued after his death. For a few years, Smithson's collieries and tramway were run by a consortium of trustees headed by Smithson's well-to-do cousin William Smithson (1750-1830) of Ledston Hall and later Heath; his own brother Joshua Smithson and his brother-in-law Thomas Preston of Halifax. In 1818, Robert Smithson's farm and malt business (valued then at african literature research, £8,906) was bequeathed to his son, also Robert. A three-quarter share in Smithson's collieries and tramway (and the debts due to them) was passed to Smithson's youngest son Joshua Smithson (1791-1867) who continued with the coal business under difficult circumstances until he failed financially in 1850. During the early years, the relatively small numbers of essay, colliers working in Smithson's pits can be illustrated in african paper the case of Ossett-cum-Gawthorpe by can you with, the use of the poor rate assessments as a basis for rating of the number of colliery face workers. In 1820, Smithson's Gawthorpe colliery had fourteen face workers and there were five more at Paleside. By 1823, this had risen to eighteen at Gawthorpe and seven at Paleside. In 1833, there was a prolonged strike at african american research, Smithson's colliery in Ossett. An attempt was made to bring in 'blackleg' labour to replace the essay a question striking miners. Joshua Smithson described the plan as a complete turn-out of colliers.

The 'blackleg' labour force was provided with houses and even bedding. Many of the men brought their wives and families to the area. It was noted that four of the african american 'blacklegs' sold the bedding that they had been provided with and ended up in front of the local magistrate accused of theft. At the Bye Pit at to obesity essay, Low Laithes, Ossett, records show that in 1844, four coal miners, who were aged between 60 and 70 years, earned on average, a weekly wage of £1-1s-3d each. However, at Bye Pit No. African Literature Paper. 5, seventeen colliers earned up to between essay £1-5s-6d for an eight hour day. African Paper. For this, they had to fill twenty corves (coal wagons) a day with coal.

By the end of the 1840s, the colliers were being paid 3s-3d for getting one dozen of coal at the face and 3s for straitwork. Straitwork is the work involved in extending the access tunnels to the area of the between village and city essay coalface. Fatal Colliery Explosion at Low Laithes - December 3rd 1859. Smithson's colliery had a low fatality rate, although in 1859 when the Low Laithes colliery business had been bought by Benjamin Roberts, there was a fatal accident at Bull Pit and american research paper, this was recorded as follows: Mr. African American Literature Paper. Taylor, Coroner for african literature research paper, the horour of Pontefract, held an inquest on Monday evening, at Alverthorpe, near Wakefield, respecting the death of David Beacher. On the can you 28th November 1859. Beacher and another man, named Brown, were working together at a bank in literature research paper the Bull Pit of the Low Laithes Colliery, belonging to Mr. Benjamin Roberts, under the difference village and city essay direction of John Noble, the african literature research steward.

Noble told the men to get the coal until they got to the old works ; but he gave no orders about lamps, and they worked with naked candles. Both men placed their candles upon difference essay the edge of the literature solid coal, when the gas from the old workings fired at that of Beacher. The two men were badly burned but Beacher most severely. A third person, a burrier, was also burned. African American Literature. Beacher died from his injuries on Saturday morning last. Verdict - Accidentally burned. There was no formal contract for colliers to serve for a fixed period in Smithson's mines and they could leave their employment as and when they desired. African Research Paper. Of course, this arrangement worked both ways and coal miners could be summarily dismissed without comeback.

These were the days before Unions were established. Between 1834 and 1850, Smithson made profits of £4,320 in difference and city nine of the years and losses of african american paper, £3,690 in essays on takashi murakami the other seven years. African Literature Research. This left a net profit of only £630, or about £40 a year over the entire period. Clearly, the about modest profits could not sustain the rentals and by 1850, the business had failed. By 1850, Smithson had ten working pits in Ossett, close to where Low Laithes Golf Club is now situated.

These pits all took coal from either the Haigh Moor seam or the Gawthorpe seam. The first recorded instances of coal workings in african american literature paper Ossett date back to the 13th and 14th century after woodland was cleared and coal was beginning to be used as fuel. There were several day holes and simple mines located in difference between and city essay various parts of Ossett. These pits were recorded in the Manor Court Rolls of african american paper, Wakefield and examples are Rhode Pyttes, Coolepitt Close, Runtinge Pitts, Totteringe Pitts, plus many more unnamed workings. There are several references in the Court Rolls of people mining for coal without the required licence from the Lord of the Manor. In 1332, three Ossett men were each fined 6d for not filling in pits in involvement essay the New Park and in 1339 all the inhabitants of Ossett were required to back fill all coal pits in the township that were worked out. In the 14th century the rolls record that Adam del Dene cut down trees, made waste the land, gardens and houses, which his mother held as a dower for digging coal. Clearly coal was becoming an research important fuel not just for heating homes but as a fuel for industrial use such as the making of iron. Ironstone digging and smelting was an important local industry at around this time and was first carried out in the New Park. In 1332 Adam de Gaukethorpe and William Carpenter were charged with digging an iron mine without a licence in the bond lands of the american Lord of the Manor and were fined 3d each. John Sonman paid the Lord of the Manor 12d for a licence to dig a mine in african american literature paper Gawthorpe for stones to be used for descriptive essay about, iron smelting.

The first 1:10,560 large scale OS map of Ossett was published in 1851 and from that map, it is possible to identify most of Smithson's pits at Low Laithes. In addition there were several other coal mines in african literature paper Ossett listed on research paper, the map. The following listing is an attempt to identify all the known coal mines in Ossett. There are many others, not listed here, identified only as 'old coal pit' and shown clearly within the african research town boundaries of Ossett on historic OS Maps. Some of difference, these may have been shallow bell pits and it is known that when the african american research paper underground reservoir along Chidswell Lane in Gawthorpe was excavated in 1877, between 200 and 300 tons of essay, coal were removed and sold on behalf of the Local Board.

The first eight mines listed here were part of the old Joshua Smithson undertaking at Low Laithes, which had been bought out by Benjamin Roberts after Smithson failed financially. Literature Research Paper. The pit shafts were geographically separated by some distance, especially those located in the area of Gawthorpe. 1. Engine Pit(No. 1), Low Laithes - 35 yards to to obesity essay the Haigh Moor seam, owned by J. Roberts from 1850. 2. American Literature Paper. Bye Pit(No. 2 ), Low Laithes - 141 yards to the Haigh Moor seam and start essay, 71 yards to the Gawthorpe seam, owned by J. Roberts from 1850. 3. Literature Paper. Barron's Pit (No. 6), Low Laithes - 120 yards to the Haigh Moor seam and 50 yards to the Gawthorpe seam, owned by J. Roberts from an argumentative 1850.

4. Barron's Pit (No. African American Research. 4 ), Low Laithes - 55 yards to the Gawthorpe seam, owned by J. African Paper. Roberts from 1850. 5. Bull Pit (No. 7), Low Laithes - 140 yards to the Haigh Moor seam, owned by american literature research paper, J. Roberts from 1850. 6. Lower Park Farm, Gawthorpe - 120 yards to the Haigh Moor seam, owned by can you, J. Roberts from 1850. 7. Lodge Hill, Gawthorpe (Nos. American Literature Research Paper. 42 and 43) - 30 and 18 yards respectively to the Top Haigh Moor seam, owned by J. Roberts from 1850. 8. New Lodge Colliery, Gawthorpe - owned between 1855-1889 by George and John Haigh and was most probably Lodge Hill (above). In 1874, the manager of the colliery, William Haigh and two under-managers, John and Isaac Oates were prosecuted at Dewsbury Petty Sessions for offences brought by essays murakami, the government inspector of mines, Mr. Wardell after a fatal colliery explosion in the pit that led to the death of Burman Lister, which could have been avoided. FATAL COLLIERY EXPLOSION 1 - On Saturday evening, a hurrier, named Burman Lister, of Ossett Street Side, near Dewsbury, died from the effects of an explosion of firedamp at american research, the Gawthorpe Colliery on difference village, the previous afternoon.

Deceased and american literature paper, a miner named Samuel Waterhouse had completed their day's work and were coming down one of the main roads with corves when the gas fired and both were severely burnt. Waterhouse had on a flannel shirt and he suffered less from the scorching flames. The one Lister wore was of cotton and it was burnt off his back, which along with his arms, breast and american research, face, was terribly scorched. American Research Paper. The explosion caused great excitement among the miners and the injured men having been brought to murakami the surface, the others were raised without delay. Lister died, as above stated, on Saturday evening. The explosion was caused by gas coming into to contact with a naked light, which was carried by the deceased as he and Waterhouse were walking down the hurrying road.

GROSS CARELESSNESS AT A WEST RIDING COLLIERY 2 - Yesterday an adjourned inquest was held at african research paper, Ossett Street Side, near Dewsbury, on essay, the body of Burman Lister, coal miner, of that village who was killed by an explosion of african american, gas at Messrs. Haigh's colliery, Gawthorpe on the 4th inst. Mr. Wardell, government inspector of mines, watched the proceedings, as also did Mr. Pickard, secretary of the West Riding Miners' Association. Evidence was given that on the 4th inst., about half-past one, the deceased and essays on takashi murakami, another youth named Waterhouse came along the main air-road with lighted candles, they having ceased work for the day. On arriving at a drift or slit, the deceased went up, taking his naked light with him. An explosion followed and both youths were severely burnt, the deceased fatally. It transpired at the inquest that a labourer had several weeks ago received instructions to build a wall some distance up the drift, but to american paper leave a hole, a foot square for ventilation. This he did, but about ten days before the murakami accident he filled up the hole with dry bricks, not knowing, he told the jury, that he was doing anything wrong.

As it was stated that Waterhouse was in a very precarious state and unfit to african american research paper be examined, the inquiry was further adjourned. THE LATE FATAL COLLIERY EXPLOSION AT GAWTHORPE 3 - Yesterday, the adjourned inquest was held on the body of Burman Lister, hurrier, who died on essay, September 5th from injuries he received the previous day at Gawthorpe Colliery, through an explosion of fire-damp. African American Paper. From the evidence, it appeared that the deceased and a young man named Waterhouse were coming down the hurrying road and when opposite a disused working they both stopped and Waterhouse began to dress himself, having previously stuck a lighted candle in involvement some clay on the corve. Lister took the african candle up and said he would go to the drift and look at the air pipes, as he could smell something. Essay. His companion told him to keep the candle down.

The deceased had just entered the drift when the explosion took place and they were both severely burnt. The jury recorded a verdict of Accidental Death. COLLIERY PROSECUTIONS AT DEWSBURY 4 - At the literature research paper Dewsbury Petty Sessions, yesterday, William Haigh, of essays on takashi murakami, West Ardsley, the certified manager of the Gawthorpe Colliery was charged with neglecting to inspect the mine. John and Isaac Oates, underviewers, were summoned for - the one for neglecting to enter in a book kept for the purpose, the state of the american literature mine and the other with neglecting to fence off a drift in which there was an accumulation of essay, inflammable gas and african american paper, with neglecting to exhibit a danger signal there. Through this neglect an explosion of gas took place in the pit on the 4th of September, resulting in the death of one collier and in another being frightfully burnt. Can You Start Essay With A Question. Haigh was fined £5, or two months imprisonment; Isaac Oates £3, or three months and John Oates £2, or two months.

In the course of the hearing it transpired that the report book had not had a single entry made in african american literature paper it until three days after the explosion. Burman Lister was just 16 years of age when he died. Samuel Waterhouse lingered on between and city, a few weeks before he also died from the burns he had received in the accident. The five pound fine that William Haigh, the colliery manager received is the equivalent of about £360 today on african, the basis of between and city essay, RPI inflation. Less than four months later, another miner would lose his life at Gawthorpe Colliery as a result of a terrifying fire in american research paper January 1875: A COLLIERY ON FIRE 8 - Fire was discovered to african literature have broken out on Friday (8th January 1875) in the colliery at Gawthorpe, near Dewsbury, belonging to Messrs. J. and G. Haigh, and it is african american literature research, believed was caused by a hurrier boy accidentally igniting a canvas brattice by his lighted candle. Seventy men and boys were in the mine at the time and great alarm was occasioned, as the flames spread to a quantity of wood and then set fire to the face of the coal. The miners and hurriers rushed along the ways as the alarm spread and getting to the pit eye, were drawn up as quickly as possible. Essays. One, however, was left behind and he was subsequently found lying dead at some distance from his working place, apparently having been suffocated.

His name was Richard Oldroyd, aged 39, and research paper, he leaves a widow and children. One of the miners that had got to know that a fire was raging, called to Oldroyd as he ran past his working place, but the intro to obesity essay deceased was rather deaf, and it is supposed he did not hear the warning cry of his fellow worker, and was not made aware of the danger until he felt the suffocating gas. The body was discovered by an exploring party and in a place where, if he could have gone four yards further, he would have had a stream of fresh air. The progress of the flames was arrested in literature the course of the day by stoppings being built and there is reason to believe that the fire has been extinguished. In the ' Ossett Observer ' 24th November 1888, the following piece was printed concerning a colliery strike and essay, it gives us an idea of the size of the colliery and african american research paper, the attitude of the owners to their workforce: The miners employed at Messrs G J Haigh's Gawthorpe Colliery, about 30 in number, recently went on strike for a 10% advance in wages. On Takashi Murakami. The advance was conceded by the Yorkshire colliery owners generally, but Messrs. Haigh did not see their way to follow the example and african paper, consequently the essay my apartment strike still continues. Subscriptions have been gathered and levies received from american research paper other collieries in support of the men on can you start an argumentative a question, strike. The strike was still going on into early December 1888, but after that there was no further word, so it is likely that the men returned to work, maybe in time for Christmas?

9. American Paper. Wheatley's Colliery , Shepherd Hill, Flushdyke. In 1831, a Wakefield barrister and land speculator, Thomas Foljambe (1775-1851) purchased land at Hagg's Lane, near to Woollin's Roundwood mine, which he rented to another Wakefield man, Samuel Rhodes, for intro to obesity essay, the purpose of mining for coal. In 1833, Foljambe had built his grand residence Holmefield House in Wakefield. Rhodes paid Foljambe an annual rental of 6% of the original purchase price and in 1831 Rhodes was selling 10 tons of coal per day, with another 20 tons per african american literature week going to a regular customer. Rhodes also sold 2 barge loads of coal (90 tons) per week, which had to an argumentative essay be shipped from the colliery to the nearest canal in Wakefield. Rhodes died in early 1838 and by 1839, his widow had gone bankrupt. American Research Paper. The colliery was then taken over by Charles Locke, whose family had recently sunk a new pit at nearby Snapethorpe, Wakefield.

The colliery was eventually bought by an argumentative essay with, Charles Wheatley (1813-1900) who had been working a colliery at nearby Ossett Common (probably Lights Colliery) in 1836. Wheatley was a Mirfield colliery owner with significant land holdings in african american Ossett, some of which he had inherited from the involvement Haigh family, who were also coal masters. In 1851, Wheatley had 110 men and 140 boys working in american research paper his coal mines. The Ossett colliery at Shepherd Hill was likely to be a relatively small undertaking and may even have been a day hole, which was simply a drift mine dug into the side of a hill. Involvement Essay. Wheatley was still working the american Shepherd Hill colliery in 1854 with a steam engine and his rateable value was £36.

Wheatley's colliery is likely to can you start an argumentative essay a question have closed down in the mid to late 1850s and african research, was not working in1869. Wheatley was by then operating the Hagg Wood and to obesity, Whitley Wood day holes in Dewsbury; the Bradley and Helm coal mines in african literature paper Huddersfield and the Ledgard Bridge and Calder Day Holes at Mirfield. The latter mine, with an entrance on the bank of the canal close to Greenwood Lock, was driven into the hillside below Sands House, Wheatley's opulent Mirfield residence. Essays. By 1871, Charles Wheatley formed the Mirfield Colliery Company with Robert Barraclough and african american research paper, John Nevin and his mining operation in start with Ossett was finished. 10. Mount Pleasant Colliery , Shepherd Hill, Flushdyke was worked in the 1870s. 11. Love Lane Colliery , Love Lane, Pildacre.

12. Greaves Colliery , off Bridle Lane, Gawthorpe. Owned between 1855-1872 by Wilson and Co. African. but then was called Gawthorpe Colliery and was probably Greaves Colliery, which was owned by Joshua Greaves prior to 1855. The pit finally closed 1872. 13. Streetside Colliery , behind the Red Lion Public House, Dewsbury Road and was owned first by Abraham Greaves until his death in 1843 and then by Ossett coal masters Joseph Greaves and difference between and city, Joshua Greaves. The colliery had four face workers in 1836.

14. Old Roundwood Colliery , was probably first known as John Woollin's Hagg's Lane Colliery and a plan exists of this site dating back to american 1812. The original Roundwood colliery was located close to the Ossett and Alverthorpe boundaries near to the top of Shepherd Hill at campus, Flushdyke where mining had been carried on back to at least the 14th century. The Woollin family worked Low and Scale coal there until giving up the lease in approximately 1839. The colliery at Roundwood first established in 1847 by african american literature, Terry, Dawson and Greaves was said by John Oldroyd Greaves to be a very small affair at the top of Flushdyke Hill about one mile to the north of the research paper later Roundwood colliery. They had simply taken over the workings of a smaller, older pit, partially worked some years previously. The older pit was most likely Woollin's pit, closed in 1839. In 1847, Wakefield mining engineer, John Oldroyd Greaves (1824-1916), the son of Ossett coal master Abraham Greaves (1794-1842) founded the african research Old Roundwood colliery with two other investors in the name of essay about my apartment, Terry, Dawson and Greaves.

John Greaves had been articled to John Walker, the Wakefield based mining and civil engineer for five years in the 1840s and, for a short time after qualifying, had been manager of a colliery in Stanley owned by Robert Hudson and Co. The other partners in the concern were Benjamin Terry (1818-1882), who was born in Gawthorpe, the american literature research son of Percival Terry and african american literature, William Anson Smith Dawson of Wakefield. Benjamin Terry became a law pupil at Haigh's, a Horbury firm of solicitors. After qualifying, Terry joined the firm of Carr, Nettleton and Terry as a partner and then moved to Bradford in 1844 setting up first in african american literature research business in his own right and by 1864 as Terry Watson, Solicitors. African Literature Research. In 1846, he married Alice Cooper Dawson in literature paper Wakefield, who may have been related to his partner William Dawson. Terry entered public life and he served at one time as an Tory alderman of Bradford Council. He lived in american literature paper some style at Barkhill House, Idle and when he died in 1882, he left an estate worth £40,000 (a considerable sum in those days) plus a generous £500 per year annuity for his widow. Not much is known about american paper, William Anson Smith Dawson, the third partner in the enterprise. In the 1851 census, Dawson is unmarried and living at Roundwood, Alverthorpe with a house servant Ann Peace. He is listed as a coal proprietor employing 12 miners, 12 hurriers, 2 banksmen, 1 blacksmith, 1 boy and 1 woman, which may well refer to the operation at Roundwood colliery. Essay About My Apartment. His secondary occupation is african, that of a farmer of start with, 19 acres, employing 1 man, 1 lad and research paper, door (sic) labourers.

He was aged 25 years in 1851, having been born in 1826 at nearby Stanley, a village on the outskirts of Wakefield. However, by May 1953, Dawson had dropped out of the business and he died in start with Bradford in the summer of 1854, to be replaced by Watson Scatcherd, a Morley lawyer and squire. The three partners each putting up a sum of £500. African American Research Paper. In 1857, after Scatcherd had died in 1855, the accounts showed that Terry had advanced £1,150, Greaves the involvement essay same and Scatcherd £950. When Scatcherd died, the business was carried on as Terry, Greaves and Co. Paper. When Benjamin Terry died in 1882, his two daughters continued in business with Greaves until a limited company was founded until 1908. Essays On Takashi Murakami. Benjamin Terry (or his daughters) and John Greaves never entered into research paper a formal partnership since both men trusted the other implicitly and no legal agreement was ever needed. Perhaps as a result of the death of descriptive about my apartment, Scatcherd, the partners considered selling the colliery in 1857. At this time, they also owned Manor Colliery, which was located on Ossett Common but was definitely not the colliery on american paper, Cross Lane in Wakefield, which co-incidentally, Terry, Greaves and Co. did purchase much later. The Gawthorpe seam, which was the top portion of the well-known Barnsley seam and about three feet thick was mined originally, but this didn't last long.

The pit was in profit and balance sheets for Roundwood for essay my apartment, 1857 and 1858 reveal profits of american paper, £1,702 and £2,032 respectively. However, if they were to continue, some serious decisions had to about my apartment be made. Instead of selling up, Greaves and Terry decided as early as 1853 to develop Roundwood significantly by sinking two new shafts, a mile to the south of the original Flushdyke pit and close to the Wakefield - Ossett boundary. This would be the african american research paper better-known location of Roundwood colliery at the top of Queen's Drive where coal would be worked for another 100 years or more. The second significant decision was to establish a railway link to Roundwood and an agreement was made in difference and city essay July 1860 with the Bradford, Wakefield and Leeds Railway to build a mineral railway link to the Ossett Branch so that coal could be transported from Roundwood to african literature paper more distant markets. At this time, there were still tolls on research, the Wakefield - Halifax turnpike, which all traffic going from Roundwood downhill to african american literature paper Wakefield had to negotiate. However, in 1867, the firm advertised that it had agreed for american literature research, tolls on coal beyond Westgate Moor Bar on the turnpike road to be removed. The new railway link to Roundwood was opened in January 1862 and for goods and passengers to a temporary terminal station at Flushdyke in paper April 1862. In 1860, two new shafts were sunk to the levels of the essay my apartment top and low Haigh Moor seams at 140 and 150 yards respectively. These shafts were of the Engine Pit at 9 feet diameter and the Bye Pit at 10 feet in african american literature research paper diameter.

Both shafts were walled with brick 5 inches thick with four water conduits behind the brickwork. The Engine Pit was sunk five yards below the bottom of the coal to form a sump and the Bye shaft was widened to 13ft at the bottom. John Oldroyd Greaves continued with the management of Roundwood colliery but by March 1874, the descriptive essay about my apartment partners agreed to sell Roundwood colliery to african american research Thomas Stammers Webb of London and Cardiff. There had been a period of essay, prosperity in african literature research paper the coal industry prior to 1874, but from 1874 there was a period of continued depression. Webb agreed to descriptive essay about my apartment take a 5-year lease on Roundwood, with power to take on a 31-year lease for £35,000, the vendors agreeing to african american research paper work the colliery and pay any profits to Webb if he had first paid an initial £1,000 to them. Essays On Takashi. Webb formed a new company, The Consolidated Collieries Co.

Ltd. with a proposed capital of £180,000 in american research paper £10 shares. The plan was for african american literature research, the company to take over three collieries - the New Forest Colliery in Neath, Glamorgan and literature paper, the Bush Colliery, near Cardiff were the other two. In the event, the venture never got off the ground because of the deepening depression in the coal industry during 1876. By 1885, John Oldroyd Greaves was very ill and wasn't expected to live very long, but he eventually recovered and lived on in good health until 1916. Campus Involvement. In the literature research event, his 17 year-old son Percy Christian Greaves (1868-1957) was forced to leave school and take charge of the family business, which he found in a parlous state. Difference Village And City Essay. Percy Greaves had been born on Christmas Day 1868 and was educated at Lockers Park School, Hemel Hempstead before going firstly to Wakefield Grammar School and then to american research paper Tonbridge School in involvement essay Kent.

Percy Greaves was equal to the difficult task and applied his talents energetically to the running of Roundwood colliery. In July 1892, he obtained a first-class certificate as a colliery manager under the Coal Mines Registration Act of 1887. At the african literature research time he was living at 69, Westgate, Wakefield with his parents. In 1889, Percy Greaves was responsible for intro to obesity, the sinking of the new upcast shaft to a depth of 200 yards to american research paper the Silkstone seam. During the sinking of this new seam, in June 1888, two men were to lose their lives. Between Essay. The 'Ossett Observer' dated June 23rd 1888 gives the following account: On Wednesday last a shocking fatality occurred at Roundwood Colliery, Wakefield Road on the boundary of research, Ossett. At present the Haigh Moor seam of coal is being worked, at a depth of 160 yards from the surface; but the american literature paper proprietors of the colliery, Messrs. Terry and Greaves, are sinking about 190 or 200 yards further, in order to reach the Silkstone seam. The new sinking is being made as a continuation of the upcast shaft, which is 12ft in diameter; it has already progressed some 40 yards downward, and is expected to be completed this year. On Wednesday morning about african american, half a dozen sinkers were at work, and they had come up the american research paper shaft to the surface whilst some shots were being fired for blasting purposes.

After the shots went off, three of the men got into the ordinary hoppet or bucket, and african paper, were lowered down the intro to obesity essay shaft by the engineman. In descending they had to pass the mouth of a ventilating furnace and there is some reason to suppose that this may have induced them to change their position in american literature research the hoppet. Essay. This would possibly cause some additional oscillation of the hoppet, which almost immediately struck the corner of the arch in the Haigh Moor seam. All three men were thrown out, but one of african literature research, them, named Patrick O'Brien, of Wakefield, managed to clutch the edge of the hoppet. One foot of another was caught by O'Brien, who was, however, unable to hold it. Essays Murakami. Two men consequently fell a depth of african research, about 40 yards to the bottom of the newly sunk portion of the shaft, and were doubtless killed instantly. O'Brien, however, reached the bottom in safety. The deceased men were Mathew Harrison, aged 32, married, of Ashton-under-Lyne, and village, George Geary, aged 20, single, of Wakefield.

Harrison had only commenced working at the colliery the previous day. In November 1897, John Oldroyd Greaves, who by now was no longer involved in the active management of Roundwood colliery made two of african research, his sons, Percy Christian Greaves and John Henry Greaves (born 1871) partners in the family business of land agents, mining engineers and colliery proprietors. Greaves senior had bought the Snapethorpe Hall estate in Wakefield on behalf of the colliery partnership in November 1891. Meanwhile, Percy Greaves, despite his tender years, was able to can you an argumentative essay with take the running of the family business in his stride and he soon became one of the leading mining experts in northern England. Percy Greaves' obituary that appeared in the The Times newspaper on Friday, 25th October 1957 says this of him: comparatively few days passed when he was not to be seen at the pit-head or down the shaft of one of his own collieries or one of those of the literature research many people who readily consulted him as, perhaps, the best known mining engineer in the north. His pride in his own pits was unbounded. He knew the men and their problems personally.

He was at the forefront in the introduction of new methods, making for difference between, safety and efficiency, and it was his proud boast, evoking the sincere admiration of his many friends that, from 1886 until the nationalization of the mines (1947), none of the groups of collieries under his control had ever suffered a single strike apart from the national strikes, which affected the whole country. By 1896, the research manager of involvement essay, Roundwood was Mr. F. Flint, and the under-manager was Mr. H. Farrant. There were 619 underground workers and 129 surface workers. By 1945, ownership of Roundwood was still with Terry, Greaves and Co., Wakefield, but the colliery was now managed by Mr.

H. H. Burton with two under-managers. Mr. H. Newell and Mr. J. African American Literature Paper. Morley. And City Essay. There were now 521 underground workers and 120 surface workers. Above: Picture of Old Roundwood Colliery from the early 1900s. The building on the right-hand side of the picture is literature paper, a brickworks.

The brickworks was subsequently closed, but it was proposed to reopen them to produce building bricks for african american literature research paper, Ossett's council house building programme in the 1920s and 1930s. In the event, this never happened and bricks were sourced elsewhere. In June 1895, the ' Ossett Observer ' published details of An Alarming Accident at Ossett Collieries - Two Cages in Collision - Miner fatally injured. The account, reproduced below gives a good insight into african american literature research the working conditions at Old Roundwood: On Thursday morning, an murakami accident of a serious and unusual nature occurred at the Ossett Roundwood Collieries (Messrs. Terry, Greaves and Co.) There are three seams of literature research, coal, worked by means of three separate shafts. One of these shafts, about 350 yards deep, passes through the Cannel seam at involvement essay, a depth of 240 yards, and goes down to the Silkstone. About 160 men and boys are employed in african literature the Cannel seam, and among these was Richard Renshaw (35), a married man, residing in intro to obesity Teal Street, Ossett.

Renshaw was a hanger-on in the Silkstone seam, and african research, about quarter past six o'clock in the morning, he was ascending in one of the cages, a two-decker, to the Silkstone landing. The cages are guided by thimbles working on wire conductors of 1.5 inches in diameter. Through some unexplained cause, the ascending cage came into contact with the brickwork at the side of the shaft, and almost immediately afterwards collided with the on takashi murakami descending cage. Owing to african american research the velocity with which the cages were travelling, the collision damaged both, and gave a terrible shock to poor Renshaw, who was in the descending cage alone. He eventually reached the bottom in a helpless and paralysed condition suffering from spinal injuries. He was taken up another shaft to the surface, and removed to essays his home, where he died the same evening. Work in the Cannel seam had to be suspended for two days. At the african american research paper inquest, which was held at the Little Bull Inn, Teal Street, it was concluded that it had never been know for the cages to can you start an argumentative with a question catch before, but evidently they had caught this time. American Literature. It was an unforeseen event and nobody could be held responsible, although something could be done to prevent a recurrence. They returned a verdict that the unfortunate deceased was accidentally injured.

An extension of the Ossett borough boundary in african literature paper 1900 brought Roundwood Colliery, owned by Terry, Greaves and Company Limited into the town. Mining ceased at this pit in April 1966. Above: The biggest colliery in Ossett was Old Roundwood, so named in 1901 to avoid confusion with another Roundwood Colliery that had opened in South Yorkshire, which had suffered financial difficulties. Roundwood was opened in 1847 and finally closed in african literature paper 1966. Roundwood had 619 underground workers and 129 surface workers and african literature research, attracted workers from research paper all parts of the area surrounding Wakefield.

Many miners from the Barnsley coalfields moved to Roundwood and on takashi, settled in the Ossett Spa area. Roundwood Colliery was a large concern and mined the Cannel, Haigh Moor, Lupset, and Silkstone (new Hards) seams. African American Research. It was noted in the 'Ossett Observer' dated 20th March 1948 that the descriptive essay my apartment following accident occurred at Old Roundwood: Twelve miners at Old Roundwood Colliery were injured, including two men with broken legs, when the cage taking them down to the Silkstone Seam for the night shift got out of control for the last 40ft of the african literature descent and crashed into the sump boards. The engine winder had fainted at the controls in involvement essay the engine house. Like all other British collieries, Roundwood was nationalised in 1947 and african research, became part of the National Coal Board empire. Village. Old Roundwood colliery was finally closed in April 1966. Above: View of Roundwood Colliery from the top of Queens Drive in the 1960s. Literature Research Paper. After the pit was demolished, what is now the Holiday Inn was built on part of the old pit site. 15.

Thorn Tree Pit , Low Laithes adjacent to the Great Northern (LNER) railway line. The 16th green of Low Laithes golf course is believed to be located on the site of Thorn Tree pit. 16. Dewsbury Lane was opened before 1856 and closed in 1877. Owned between 1856-1870 by W. Hallas and between 1862-1876 by W. Gartside. It was reported that in December 1871, a collier's supper was held in campus the George Hotel, Ossett for the miners at american, Mr. Gartside's colliery, which is likely to on takashi have been Dewsbury Lane colliery. The meal was for members of the colliery Sick and Accident Club, which was funded by the miners themselves from weekly subscriptions to pay the members during times of american literature paper, sickness. In 1871, there had been no accidents at intro to obesity essay, the colliery and only £134 had been paid out in sickness benefit. African. The managers of the colliery, Messrs.

T. Westwood and J. Wilkinson were praised by the men for their work at the colliery. Essays Murakami. Thirty-six members of the literature research club were present at the supper, suggesting a fairly small coal mine. 17. To Obesity. Field Lane Colliery , Gawthorpe near to the Flying Horse public house. The Field Lane colliery was worked by Joshua Greaves and after his death, in 1861, it was offered for sale in paper February 1862. The advertisement in 1862 mentioned that the colliery was powered by a steam engine and on takashi, that there was a 3ft seam of coal at a depth of 30 yards with three leases - two expiring in 1877 and one in 1881. It appears that when the two leases expired in 1877 that the colliery was closed down.

Some more details about african literature paper, Field Lane Colliery following a particularly suspicious accident resulting in the death of 19 year-old Richard Broad: 5. WANTON OUTRAGE NEAR DEWSBURY - A MAN KILLED: On Thursday night last, an involvement essay inquest was held at the Shoulder of Mutton Inn, Gawthorpe, before Mr. Taylor, coroner, on the body of Richard Broad, who met with his death after falling down a pit shaft on the previous Tuesday. Mr. Morton, the Government inspector of research paper, mines, was in attendance and watched the case, in consequence of the pit rope having been maliciously cut. The evidence went to show that the deceased was employed at involvement essay, Field-lane Colliery, Gawthorpe and had charge of the pumping engine. At this colliery there are two shafts, one used as a pumping and downcast and literature, the other as as an murakami upcast and american literature research, drawing shaft. The only apparatus for reaching the bottom of the former is a windlass and a rope an inch and a quarter in diameter, and intro, when men wish to go to the bottom, they attach a man-loop to the end of the rope. Literature Research. This man-loop consists of a piece of tough and strong wood, about thirty inches long, and near the ends are two holes about an inch and a half in diameter. Through these holes are drawn a piece of hempen rope an essays on takashi inch and a quarter in diameter, and african research paper, the ends are securely fastened underneath. On the day in question the deceased used this loop, examining it before he did so, and, having placed himself astride, he was lowered by two men to the bottom with a few tools where he repaired the pump clack.

Having finished his work, he gave the intro to obesity essay signal for ascending, and was raised to within half a yard of the platform, when the rope of the man-loop gave way at once close to both holes, and he was precipitated to the bottom. He was alive when reached, and was removed home; but he died within a few hours. Broad sustained a fractured thigh, a fractured rib (one portion of the rib was driven into the lung) and a large scalp wound. Dr. Thornton, Church St,, Dewsbury and Mr Greenwood, Surgeon, Ossett attended. The broken rope was examined by the jury and was unanimously pronounced to african american paper have been cut.

It ought to have borne half a ton without danger. The deceased was a small, spare youth of nineteen years of age. An open verdict was returned. In the meantime the police are making active inquiries in the matter. No person was criminated by the evidence offered to the inquest. 18.

Ossett , owned by Messrs Haigh - but as yet unidentified. 19. Crownlands Collier y, possibly the site of essay, Northfield Colliery, which was owned by african, Westwood and Co. 20. West Field , owned by can you start essay, Joshua Wilby when it was opened in 1863. The colliery closed in 1908. In 1896, the african american literature owner was Westwood and Co., Ossett. Intro To Obesity. Manager: J. Simpkin, Under-Manager: J. Wilkinson. In 1896 there were 56 underground workers and 11 surface workers. West Field colliery mined the african literature research Beeston, Middleton and Haigh Moor seams. 21.

Healey Lane , was owned by Charles Kilner and essay, Henry Slater trading as Hinchcliffe, Kilner and Co., when the pit was first opened 1876. However, their partnership was dissolved in african american literature paper June 1886. Kilner was later declared bankrupt in June 1888, by on takashi, which time he was living in the Green, Ossett and african research, was working as a colliery weighman and book-keeper. By 1896 the difference between village and city essay owners were John Wilby and Edward Mortimer, both of Ossett. The Colliery Manager was owner John Wilby, but there was no under-manager. African Paper. There were only 18 underground workers and involvement, 5 surface workers at the height of the pit's production. The Yorkshire Sheet 247.08 Ossett (SW) Combs 1905 map (O.S. reprint from 1890) by Alan Godfrey clearly shows a pit near the bottom of paper, Healey Lane with a day hole linked by tramline to a series of buildings, which may have had pit shafts. There are other older mine workings below the house called Green Lea shown on the map suggesting extensive coal mining operations in the area over the years.

The colliery closed in 1899. 22. Ox Close, was owned in 1880 by the Flockton Coal Co. Limited. Ox Close opened in 1873 and closed in 1881. The pit was sunk between 1873 and 1878. The owners between 1873-1875 were Whitworth and Co. and then between 1876-1880, Tolson Whitworth, who formed a limited company in September 1877.

The colliery had a lease on american paper, two beds of coal: the Joan Bed and the Flockton Thin Bed over an area of 48 acres. 11. The pit was not yet operational in 1877 as this excerpt taken from the Ossett Observer on the 11th August 1877 reporting an accident to a miner shows: On Tuesday evening last, shortly after 5 o'clock, a rather serious accident occurred at the new coal pit being opened out by african research paper, Messrs. Whitworth Co. in Runting Lane. A heavy piece of pump gearing weighing about to obesity essay, 4 tons was being lowered down the shaft by means of a capstan and african american literature paper, two-inch ropes. It had reached within about eighteen inches or so of the bottom when one of the ropes broke. Two men who were at the bottom fortunately got out of the way.

The half-dozen men who held the capstan bars, feeling the jerk, and american literature research, being startled, let go, with the exception of one, a miner, named John Grace, who was instantly knocked off his feet and thrown to the ground. He was found to have sustained a compound fracture of one shoulder , injuries to his arms and back, etc. On his removal to his house at Ossett Common in research a cab he was attended by Mr. J.G. Wiseman, surgeon, and is, as we hear, progressing as well as can be expected. The cause of the rope giving way is not known, as it was considered to be capable of bearing the strain of intro to obesity, six tons. Ox Close was located in the Runtlings area of american paper, Ossett and to obesity, medieval maps show the presence of Runtinge Pitts in the Ox Close, which is bisected by Ryeroyde Lane . However, Ox Close is not shown on current maps, although it is thought it was so named at the time of the Ossett Inclosure around 1807. 23. Lights Colliery, was located north-east of the old Lights Bridge, which was near the african american literature research location of the present Two Brewers public house and about my apartment, is shown on the 1851 1:10,560 OS Map. Many of the men who worked here were patrons of the Colliers Arms, later the Little Bull in american paper Ossett Common, which dates back to at least 1830. The Wakefield Manor Rolls for 1709 refer to a small colliery at american, Ossett Lights and between 1712 and 1752, the colliery was operated there by Joseph Naylor.

Lights or a clearing in the woods was so named because the of the way the woodland pasture was managed. Trees were grown on the same land that was used for rearing stock (usually pigs). The branches of the trees were cut and american paper, used for fuel, fencing or building. About. This process was called pollarding (and is the derivation of the african English surname Pollard) so that when the tree branches were cut, sunlight would reach the forest floor through the research previously dense canopy of woodland, hence the name The Lights . Ossett Lights covered an estimated area of african, 254 acres, but presumably, by the time the colliery was established, much of the woodland had been completely cleared. 24. Manor Colliery, Middle Common, was located between Manor Road and Spa Lane in the area known as Drain Close. The colliery dates back to the 18th century and was owned then by african literature paper, the Naylor family. Later, in 1857, the colliery proprietor was John Mitchell who, according to african american literature the 1843 Tithe Map of Ossett rented the land at Drain Close from the Ingham.

At some stage, Manor Colliery was owned by Terry, Greaves and Co., owners of Roundwood Colliery, probably prior to 1857. Manor Colliery is almost certainly the site of the Engine shown on Jeffrey's 1775 map. The symbol on the map looks like a windmill, but it seems more likely that it was a steam powered pumping engine at difference village, the coal mine. The local press 13 and african american literature, 14 in 1857 describes a fatal accident at the colliery, which gives us some indication of the scale of operations: A MAN KILLED BY FALLING DOWN A COAL PIT SHAFT Mr.

Taylor, coroner for the town of start an argumentative with a question, Pontefract, held an inquest, on Saturday last at the Weaver's Arms, Ossett, on the body of Joseph Rushworth, blacksmith, 46 years of age. The deceased was employed in attending the engine of the literature paper Manor Colliery, Ossett during the day. (NOTE: Manor Colliery is given as located in can you an argumentative essay Middle Common, Ossett and in the ownership of colliery proprietor John Mitchell in the Leeds Mercury report of the same accident on 22nd December 1857). Last Tuesday evening Rushworth was relieved at the usual time by Luke Veale, the african literature paper man who performed night duty. Rushworth went to Horbury and difference between village, returning between ten and eleven o'clock at night, he went to the coal cabin. Research Paper. At that time he was tipsy. He remained there a few minutes, when, he got up saying it was too warm for him there, left the cabin and was not seen again. On Friday afternoon last, a miner named Joseph Chappel went down the pumping shaft of the pit to unloose a rope which he had made fast to the bottom a week ago, when he was assisting to change the african literature research buckets. African American. When he got about forty yards down the essays on takashi shaft, he saw the body of Rushworth suspended by a stay, his head and legs resting on the plank. The body was mutilated, the legs broken, and african american literature research paper, the jaw-bone crushed in.

The shaft was only about 30 yards from the coal cabin and the deceased, being no doubt confused with the drink he had taken, had missed his way and fallen down the pit. American Research Paper. Verdict -found dead with fractures. 25. Park Lane , Ossett was opened in 1862 and closed 1885. Owners between 1862-1874 were Cliffe and Co. then between 1876-1885, G J Haigh. The colliery, which had two working shafts, was located to left of Owlers Farm, Flushdyke.

26. Pildacre Colliery , Ossett was owned originally by Naylor and Co., and opened 1872, but closed in November 1910 after an inrush of water. By 1896 owners were John Naylor and Co., Ossett. Manager: S. Broadbent and Under-Manager: J. Mann. There were 232 underground workers and 25 surface workers in 1896. Pildacre mined coal from the Flockton, Joan, Low Haigh Moor, Top Haigh Moor and Haigh Moor seams. The ' Ossett Observer ' for the 25th February 1893 carried the following report about african american paper, Pildacre Colliery: Messrs. Intro Essay. John Naylor and Co. Ltd. The half-yearly meeting of the shareholders of this company was held at Pildacre Collieries, Ossett, on Monday afternoon last.

The directors report for the half year ended December 31st showed a profit of £162 3s 9d. The Chairman, Mr. Edwin Mitchell J.P. in moving the adoption of the report, said that the literature directors had continued the policy of developing and improving the efficiency of the colliery plant and workings, and were now in descriptive my apartment a position to produce about 1,500 tons of african research, coal per difference week from the Joan and african american literature research paper, Flockton beds. Since the start an argumentative with a question beginning of August last they had incurred considerable expense in opening out the Cannel seam at Pildacre, which was of african american paper, a very fine quality and satisfactory thickness; next winter they hoped to send out a respectable quantity of Cannel, the price of which was much higher than black coal. They now had over 50 wagons, the property of the company, and another 24 partially paid for. The wages paid were now considerable (between £360 and on takashi murakami, £370 per week ) and the directors could not spare anything to secure safety in working the collieries. A man's life was of more consequence than a dividend. The Chairman said that there had not been a serious or fatal accident at Pildacre for about seven years, which spoke well for african american literature, the management. 27. New Low Laithes , owned by the Low Laithes Colliery Co.

Ltd was first opened in 1892 using existing pit shafts, which were widened in 1890 and were probably the old pit shafts from the about defunct New Lodge (Gawthorpe) colliery, which had closed in 1889. In September 1890, two local men employed as pit sinkers at New Low Laithes: Michael Glynn (51), Manor Rd., Ossett and John Murray (40), New St., Wakefield, were to lose their lives whilst working on widening the existing pit shafts from 9ft to 13ft in diameter. 9 They were working on a circular wooden platform 100ft down the african literature research pit shaft, which was suspended by heavy-duty iron chains. Can You With A Question. One of the four chains holding the platform was being re-attached when Glynn slipped, tilting the platform at a precarious angle. Glynn desperately tried to hold on research, to Murray, but only succeeded in pulling both of them to an instant death as they crashed down 150ft to the bottom of the old pit shaft.

Above: Rare picture of Low Laithes Colliery circa 1920 looking north. The house on the horizon is thought to intro essay be Low Laithes villa. Above: Another rare picture of paper, Low Laithes Colliery courtesy of Ian Taylor. His grandfather Ernest Hutchinson worked in a clerical capacity at Low Laithes until its closure in 1927, and this picture is from Mr. Hutchinson's photo album. Low Laithes Colliery was located to the west of intro to obesity, Low Laithes Farm, and east of the village of Gawthorpe, a few hundred yards along Gawthorpe Lane, which leads to Kirkhamgate and Bushy Beck.

The men from Gawthorpe who worked at the colliery used the shortest route, which was a footpath, shown on the map below going almost due west towards the village. Above: Map of the literature research new Low Laithes Colliery off Gawthorpe Lane, Ossett dated 1908. The terminus of the Mineral Railway that ran to Flushdyke can be seen to murakami the south-east of the colliery. In 1894 the site was shared with a brickworks. Literature Research Paper. In 1896, the manager was A.B. Blakeley with the under-manager at the time C Copley.

There were 155 underground workers and 43 surface workers in 1896, but by to obesity, 1908 this had increased significantly to 460 underground workers and 133 surface workers showing that the pit had expanded rapidly in the preceding 12 years. Above: Miners from Low Laithes Colliery, Gawthorpe pictured in american literature research paper 1905 after an underground shift. The bottles were used for carrying water or cold tea for meal breaks underground. The colliery was affected by african american research, the Great Coal Strike of 1893 when the Coal Owners Federation tried to impose a 25% wage cut on miners because of a fall in the price of coal. The men at Low Laithes went out on strike for several months in the summer and autumn of african literature research, 1893. At Low Laithes, the management offered a 15% reduction in wages rather than the 25% reduction (of the 40% advanced since 1887), but this was unacceptable to the men's representatives and a rumour that Low Laithes was to be re-opened was quickly denied by the manager.

On the 17th November 1893, a settlement was arrived at on basis of the old rate of involvement, wages being paid until at least the 1st February 1894, with a Conciliation Board to american research paper follow in at least one year. Subsequently, the miners at Low Laithes returned to work the following week. Above: Winding Engine at Low Laithes Colliery, Gawthorpe which was used to pull the cage up the pit shaft. The man operating the controls is thought to be the manager Mr. David Arnold West. In 1908, the involvement essay colliery was still managed by Mr. A.B. Blakeley, followed in 1915 by Mr. American Paper. David Arnold West, a mining engineer born in 1875 at nearby Birstall. By 1908, the output of the pit was 61,250 tons per annum, all produced by african american literature, muscle power alone.

Low Laithes was served by what was called a 'mineral railway', which ran from Flushdyke to a rail terminus just south of the colliery. The coal from Low Laithes could then be transported via the railway goods yard at Flushdyke to any part of the UK. The coal extracted from Low Laithes was taken at various times from the Silkstone, Beeston, Haigh Moor, Flockton or Cannel seams and african literature research paper, there was a ready market for coal of start an argumentative a question, this quality. Above: The winding engine house at paper, Low Laithes Colliery with the water softener and difference essay, steam accumulator circa 1920. The New Low Laithes Colliery, now owned by W. and E.H. Middlebrook, ceased production in May 1927, and paper, the sister colliery at nearby Wrenthorpe also closed at the same time. The effects of the 1926 General Strike were causing severe economic problems at the time and trading was difficult with many coal miners either on african american, shortened working weeks or having already been made redundant. African Research Paper. The Ossett Observer in December 1928 noted that the chances of the Gawthorpe pit re-opening were remote and sadly it never did, despite probably being viable. In the descriptive essay about my apartment event, the site changed hands, re-emerging as the Doric Kerb Works producing concrete drainage ducts. The Doric works were derelict in the 1960s and african american literature, it is intro essay, believed that production ceased completely in the 1950s.

28. Northfield , Ossett opened in 1896 and african paper, closed in 1917. Intro To Obesity Essay. The colliery was owned in 1896 by C. Newsome, and in african american paper 1899 by Shaw's Linfit Lane Coal Co. By 1917, Northfield was owned by the Northfield Colliery Co. Ltd. It is difference between and city essay, most likely that Northfield and Crownlands Colliery are the same site. In 1908, there were 61 underground workers and 10 surface workers so this was a relatively small undertaking. The manager in 1908 was Mr. S. Broadbent.

29. Shaw Cross , Owl Lane on the Ossett - Dewsbury border, was owned by C. Paper. B. Crawshaw and Warburton and first opened in african american research 1903 and african research paper, closed in 1968. In 1896, the manager was G.F. Blacher and the under-manager was P. Winstanley. By the early 1900s, there were 228 underground workers and to obesity essay, 45 surface workers, but the colliery expanded significantly. Above: Shaw Cross Colliery as seen from Owl Lane, Ossett.

The pit baths were on the opposite side of african, Owl Lane. Above: Miners leaving Shawcross Pit after completing a shift underground circa late 1960s. 30. Storrs Hil l, Ossett, close to the Weavers Arms, was owned by W. Wilcock and was opened in can you essay with 1901 and closed in 1908. The pit was not working between 1904-1908. 31.

Longlands , Ossett was first opened in 1910 and abandoned in May 1923. The colliery was owned by the Northfield Colliery Co, Ossett and mined the Haigh Moor seam. 32. Greatfield Colliery , was opened in 1913 and closed September 1954. American Paper. The pit was initially sunk between 1913-1916 and was owned in 1945 by the Northfield Colliery Co. Ltd., Ossett with manager: A.W. Thompson and no under manager. In 1945 there were 49 underground workers and 11 surface workers. In 1947, the colliery was nationalised and came under NCB ownership.

Above: A group of Ossett coal miners at about my apartment, Greatfield Colliery in the early 1950s. Above: A group of miners at Greatfield Colliery, Ossett circa 1956, which was always referred to as Westwood's Pit. My thanks to David Maddison who recently contacted me and has identified his father Jack Donald Maddison on the back row, 2nd from the left. The miner with the literature research paper impressive ZZ-Top beard, second from the right on the back row is Harry Bains. 33. Whinny Moor , is listed as an village and city essay Ossett pit, although geographically it was actually located between Lupset and Wakefield. The colliery was first opened in 1869 and abandoned in June 1913. The owners between 1869-1873 were Hargreaves, Naylor and Co. In 1896, the colliery was owned by John Naylor and Co., who was also the american owner of Pildacre Colliery in Ossett. In 1896, the manager of Whinny Moor Colliery was S. Broadbent with the under-manager being J. Hudson. Murakami. There were 37 underground workers and 7 surface workers.

Collieries adjacent to Ossett. Many Ossett and Gawthorpe men worked at the pits just outside the town boundaries and the nearest four pits are as follows: 1. Chickenley Heath , Dewsbury, was leased by Joshua Greaves in 1854. By 1857 it was noted that the Greaves Brothers had a 40 yard shaft at Chickenley Heath colliery and one man who had worked for them for six years. In 1861, after the death of Joshua Greaves, the literature paper lease of african literature research, coal at Chickenley Heath was assigned to Gawthorpe butcher and farmer Joseph Terry and two others, most probably the Greaves brothers. In July 1862, the local press 10 had a notice that the african research paper partnership of John Henry Greaves and Charles Howard Greaves, trading as Greaves Brothers and Co., at Chickenley Heath was being dissolved and start an argumentative essay, that from the 31st March 1862, the business would be carried on by John Henry Greaves alone. Chickenley Heath colliery was owned in 1880 by the Chickenley Heath Coal Co., Dewsbury. In 1896, the manager was Mr. A.B. Blakeley and the under-manager was Mr. M. African Paper. Rayner.

There were 122 underground workers and 12 surface workers at this time. 2. Chickenley Wood , Dewsbury, in 1880 the owner was the Chickenley, Wood Coal Co. 3. Chidswell , Dewsbury, In 1880 and 1896, the owners were C. Crawshaw and Warburton, Dewsbury. The manager in 1896 was Mr. G.F. Blacher and the under-manager was Mr. P. Can You An Argumentative Essay A Question. Winstanley with 248 underground workers and 17 surface workers. Since the owners, the manager and the under-manager are the same as those who were at Shaw Cross in 1903, it seems likely that Chidswell Colliery was an earlier variant of Shaw Cross, with possibly new pit shafts being sunk at Shaw Cross in 1903. In March 1888, the local press 12 carried a report describing a fatal accident at the pit, which was described then as being located in Leeds Road, Ossett: FATAL EXPLOSION AT OSSETT COLLIERY.

An inquest was held at Ossett yesterday by Mr. T. Taylor, coroner, touching the death of George Brook (45), colliery labourer, Naylor-street, Ossett, who was killed on Monday at Messrs. Literature. Crawshaw and Warburton's collieries, Leeds-road. Mr. F.N. Intro To Obesity Essay. Wardell, H.M. Inspector of african american research paper, Mines watched the proceedings. The evidence stated that three other men working with the deceased had a narrow escape with their lives and had been severely burnt.

Isaac Kilburn, pit sinker deposed that on Monday last he and another man named Waterhouse were working in a staple or ventilating shaft between two seams known as Flockton and Old Hards. They were widening the shaft and intro to obesity essay, stood on a scaffolding fixed therein. After they had been working for between two and three hours with naked candles and american literature paper, without noticing anything unusual, gas came up the shaft, and there was a violent explosion. The scaffolding was blown away, and Waterhouse and witness, both burnt were left clinging to the ledge of brickwork at the side of the shaft. The deceased and another man, who were working a jack-roll or windlass at the top of the shaft were also scorched, and the planking on which they stood was displaced, causing the deceased to fall down the shaft. When assistance came, Brook was quite dead. James Pomfret, the Deputy in charge at campus involvement, the time stated that the cannel seam was chiefly worked at the collieries, which employed a large number of men. Next, below this was the Flockton seam, in which the research deceased was at the time of the explosion and start essay with a question, lowest of all, the Old Hards, which was being newly opened out. He examined the workings in the latter seam prior to the accident and found them free from gas and when he entered them afterwards, he found the ventilation in good order still.

In answer to african american questions by the Inspector, he said that eastwards of the bottom of the staple shaft was a heading driven, the further progress of essay, which had been checked by african american paper, a fault. When he examined that part of the workings on Monday morning, he did not go up to essays the fault, because part of the header was standing nearly up to the roof in water, but he examined the the edge of the american literature paper water with his safety lamp and found no trace of gas, a good current of air coming over the water. The jury returned a verdict of accidentally killed. Start Essay With. He leaves a widow and a large family. 4. Wrenthorpe , Wakefield was first opened in 1838 and was closed in 1900 after the death of the african american owner Mr. W.T. Marriot of african research, Sandal Grange, Wakefield. Before then and american research paper, as late as 1885, the intro to obesity colliery was in the ownership of D. Micklethwaite and Company. In 1896 the manager was Mr. T.W. Embleton and the under-manager was Mr.

W. Wood. There were 103 underground workers and 35 surface workers. In 1905, the colliery was bought by the Low Laithes Colliery Co. Literature Research. Ltd, who were operating their pit at Gawthorpe. It was re-opened in 1907, and was used as part of the principal Low Laithes colliery with the literature research same manager, but Mr. D.A. African Literature Paper. West was the under-manager at Wrenthorpe. In 1908, there were 80 underground workers and 31 surface workers, suggesting a slight decline from ten years previously.

Wrenthorpe colliery had a branch line to can you start with the nearby main Leeds-London railway to african transport coal to distribution centres and larger customers. Wrenthorpe colliery closed in 1927 at the same time as New Low Laithes Colliery as a result of the strike. Above: Wrenthorpe Colliery complete with an Upholsters Shop. The date of the photograph is not known but this section of the colliery opened in 1857. As an example of the prevailing conditions, there was a report in the ' Ossett Observer ' in June 1912 of a pit deputy being killed at Wrenthorpe pit, part of the Low Laithes Colliery: William Henry Hayes (56), colliery deputy of difference village and city, Dewsbury Road, Ossett met his death as a result of an accident in the Wrenthorpe part of Low Laithes colliery. The deceased was well-known in both Earlsheaton and Chickenley Heath, in which places he had lived for a good many years.

Ezra Ramsden, of 11 East Parade, Eastborough, Dewsbury, coal miner, said that the accident happened on Friday at 12.30 p.m. In a few more minutes he would have finished the african job of filling up a gob. There had been a fall of roof three or four days before in the Silkstone seam, and deceased, who was assisting to remove the dirt, was working about half a yard from the witness. Suddenly, a stone fell down on the deceased, who was sitting on his right foot and leg and essays, was in the act of using his shovel. The end of the stone struck him on the head, and literature, knocked him against a prop which was behind him. He was still upright when witness pulled him out. The stone was not on him.

He said Pull me out Ezra and he (witness) said Tha is out. There was no bleeding, but deceased appeared helpless. He asked him (witness) to lean him against a prop, but he said he was not easy after after that had been done, so he was laid on his back. With A Question. Deceased asked witness to take him to the gate, but witness told him that he could not do that by himself. He would not let witness go for help for some time, and he could not call for help because there was no one near to hear. Eventually witness got the help of american paper, several men, and together they got him out of the pit on a stretcher. He was quite helpless all the time. The stone that fell would be about three feet six inches long, twenty inches broad, and would not fill a tub. African Research Paper. One end hardly fell fourteen inches, because it reared. The roof was a yard high. Tamar Hayes, of Pickersgill Street, Dewsbury Road, Ossett, widow of the deceased said that her husband was an old servant of the company and had worked at Wrenthorpe for african american literature research, about five years.

He left home at about 4.15 a.m. on Friday morning and she heard that he had been hurt at about three in the afternoon. She was able to see him at Clayton Hospital, Wakefield and although conscious, he could not talk much. She was there when he died on Saturday afternoon. Dr. Hugh Walker Moir, assistant house surgeon at the Clayton Hospital, said that deceased was admitted on literature paper, the 21st June, and was suffering from paralysis of the legs, arms and body, and from shock. He was quite conscious and quite helpless. The case was hopeless from the commencement.

He rallied from the shock, but gradually sank and died at 12.15 on african american research, the following day. The cause of death was fracture of the fourth vertebra of the spine. Mr. D.A. West, the manager of Wrenthorpe colliery, said that the african literature research paper deceased had been at Wrenthorpe for three years and had worked for american research paper, the company for forty-five years. He had never worked anywhere else. The Coroner remarked that the american literature research paper deceased was a thoroughly experienced man and not a man likely to work in african paper a reckless way.

The evidence pointed to it having been a pure accident, and he suggested a verdict to the effect That deceased was killed by having his spine accidentally fractured by a fall of stone whilst at work. The jury agreed. The 1893 Ossett Coal Strike 6. In 1893, the price that mine owners could get for difference between and city essay, their coal dropped significantly. Since 1887, coal miners' wages had increased by 40% above the standard rate and african american research, now, because profits were being affected, the Coal-owners' Federation called for on takashi murakami, a reduction in wages from american literature paper August 1893. African American. The mine owners wanted to african research paper pay only 15% above the standard rate, i.e. an effective reduction in wages of 25%. When the Coal-owners' Federation presented their revised pay offer to the Miners' Federation of Great Britain, not surprisingly, the proposal was turned down flat and the Miners' Federation then asked its members to withdraw their labour from the end of July 1893. Difference Essay. All of the literature paper English Coalfields were affected, with the exception of Durham and Northumberland, where wages had already been reduced under sliding scale agreements. In 1893, there were four working collieries inside the town boundaries: Low Laithes (Gawthorpe), Pildacre, Westfield and Healey Lane. Just outside the american literature paper Ossett boundary, but always regarded as an Ossett coal mine, was Roundwood Colliery, which was easily the african research paper biggest of the local pits, and on record as employing 619 underground workers, with another 129 surface workers (1896 figures).

The next two largest local collieries were Pildacre with a workforce of 232 underground and 25 surface workers (1896 figures), then Low Laithes, which had about 120 miners in 1893. Westfield and Healey Lane Collieries were relatively small by comparison with Westfield having thirty underground workers and Healey Lane only about twelve. Also, many Ossett and Gawthorpe men worked at Shaw Cross colliery, on Owl Lane, just over the town boundary in Dewsbury and employing about 232 underground workers and 45 surface workers (1896 figures.) Nearby Chickenley Heath and Chidswell collieries employed about another 350 local men, some of whom must have lived in Ossett. Those miners that were union members were organised by the Yorkshire Miners Association, based in Barnsley. Literature Research Paper. Within the Ossett collieries, Union membership was strongest in the larger collieries, Roundwood, Pildacre and Low Laithes. Work had ceased at Low Laithes and american literature paper, Roundwood by the end of July in line with the recommendation made by the Miners Federation, and at Pildacre soon afterwards. At the on takashi two smaller Ossett pits, Westfield and Healey Lane, the miners worked on and this was to cause trouble in the following weeks. The strike had a serious effect on african literature paper, the local economy, which was based on the use of coal as a fuel for industry and involvement essay, transport. On Saturday, 12th August, the american research Great Northern Railway cancelled the majority of its passenger trains, from the following Monday, which ran between Ossett, Leeds, Wakefield and essay, Bradford. The Ossett Observer noted that the short notice that was given had caused the maximum inconvenience to american literature research paper travellers. Can You Start An Argumentative Essay With A Question. Worse was to come, and further cancellations followed in September.

Before the end of August, the lack of coal had forced some of Ossett's textile mills to introduce part-time working. In September, the mills of J T Brook at Town End and african american research, Flushdyke; Swallow's Mill on Dewsbury Road, and Giggal Clay's Mill at Healey all had to close. The Ossett Gas Company was also affected by the lack of coal and in November, it increased the price of gas from 2s 9d to 3s 0d per 1,000 cubic feet because of the rise in coal prices. Local mill owners tried to keep their businesses going by african american literature research paper, buying coal from the Durham coalfield and african paper, some paid up to triple the normal price. Unfortunately, the coal deliveries were delayed because the North-Eastern Railway was unable to cope with the increase in difference village demand for coal from the still operational Durham and Northumberland coalfields. A by-product of making gas from coal is coke and a few enterprising Ossett mill owners used coke purchased from the Ossett Gas Company instead of coal. American Literature Research Paper. Unfortunately, by the end of August all the coke stocks had been used up. Pildacre Colliery was a wet pit and needed constant pumping to prevent the underground workings from flooding. Pildacre's manager, Mr.

S. Descriptive Essay About. Broadbent applied to the Yorkshire Miners Association for permission for his men to research get coal from the pit to keep the pump engines running. African American Literature Research Paper. The owners of Pildacre Colliery were not among those trying to impose a wage reduction on their workers, but nevertheless, showing a certain amount of insensitivity, the Miners Association refused the request and Broadbent had to purchase 100 tons of coal from the Durham mines. Pildacre was potentially the worst affected of african literature research, all the Ossett mines because of the flooding, but conditions deteriorated in all the other local collieries during the strike. Ossett's two small collieries, Healey Lane and Westfield tried to difference between village and city essay work on through the dispute. This caused a certain amount of anger among the striking miners and there were several attempts to intimidate the men working at these mines, who in any case, were not members of the american research paper mineworker's union.

At Healey Lane, the police were called on descriptive essay about my apartment, Saturday the 12th and literature, Monday the 14th August in difference between village and city order to prevent a likely breach of the peace by a group of pickets. This intimidation had some effect, since on the Monday, only african american literature, part of the workforce turned up for work. When the men came out of the pit, the had to african literature research paper be escorted home by the police amid hooting and cries of 'Baa' and other unfriendly demonstrations by a crowd of men and women . As a result, the men did not return to work on the Tuesday. Literature Research. On Saturday, 2nd September, some of the miners at Healey Road had returned to work, but were once again the subject of a rather hostile demonstration by a crowd of start an argumentative, pickets. On Monday 4th September, a group of forty or fifty miners from outside the town gathered at Westfield Colliery, Ossett owned by Henry Westwood and where only literature paper, a few miners were at between, work. Two or three of the pickets went to see Henry Westwood to ask him to close the pit. Westwood was not imposing any wage reduction on his men and in fact, he was opposed to paper the wage reduction proposals. Westwood refused to close the pit on the grounds that depriving Ossett's textile mills of coal would not help the miners, but would inflict hardship on the textile workers, who were unconnected with the strike and would be put out of work. This did not meet the approval of the start an argumentative essay a question pickets and one of them suggested that they should fetch the blacklegs out of the pit and throw the corves down the shaft.

Sensibly, this proposal was not carried out, but when Westwood's men came up from the shaft and were leaving the pit-yard to go home, some of the african american literature paper pickets started shouting 'Baa' and one of the ringleaders grabbed a pit deputy and hustled him. Any further disturbance was prevented by the timely appearance of two policemen. On Thursday 7th September 1893 at the height of the coal miners strike, it was reported in the Ossett Observer that a serious encounter took place at Chidswell on the Ossett boundary a mob of between 2 and 3,000 men was marching in the direction of Ossett. About forty-five police charged the mob, and dispersed it using truncheons. There was a good deal of stone-throwing, and some of the rioters were armed with formidable bludgeons, but they did not make very much of a stand against the police staves ( it was noted that some of the crowd were rather severely punished by the officers' truncheons.) The constables were also armed with cutlasses, but did not resort to the use of essay, them. Westfield Colliery in Ossett was the true objective of the Chidswell rioters, but Henry Westwood, the owner of Westfield Colliery had learned of the planned attack earlier in the day and had withdrawn his men from the african pit. Essays On Takashi. Only two men were arrested at Chidswell; one was a miner and african literature paper, the other a cloth fuller. They were both sentenced to one-month's imprisonment by descriptive essay, the West Riding Court in Dewsbury. Unfortunately, for american literature research paper, the local police, the disturbances coincided with the St. Leger races at Doncaster, which annually took some 200 men away from and city their usual duties in american literature research paper the West Riding. When Ossett came under threat, there was only essays, one policeman in the town.

Following the disturbances, Ossett's police force was strengthened by the addition of a sergeant and three constables, to the usual force of six officers. African American Literature. All of the police were armed with cutlasses and officers were stationed at the town's collieries. At the beginning of the week of disturbances, there was the first of three mass meetings by the town's miners. All three were organised by the local branches of the Yorkshire Miners Association. The first two meetings were held at the football field near Ossett railway station, and the final meeting took place in the Temperance Hall in Illingworth Street. At the first meeting, which was held on the evening of Monday 4th September, a resolution expressing continued support for involvement, the strike was passed by the 800 to 1,000 men present. Although one of the speakers, Mr G.R. Simpson, a check-weighman at Roundwood Colliery condemned the rowdyism that had recently taken place at Westfield Colliery and said that some of the african paper unionists were very sorry that there had been an element in Ossett that day which was no credit to the working class . Another of the speakers, the Reverend B. Essays On Takashi. Haddon, a Primitive Methodist minister, hailing from Durham was more forthright. In his opinion this was not a strike but a lock-out and that a terrible day of retribution would come for men who out of the blood of the working class were selfishly amassing huge fortunes . The miners next meeting took place on the morning of Thursday 14th September. A large number walked to the meeting behind a brass band and the banner of the Chickenley Heath branch of the Yorkshire Miners Association.

At the meeting, which was attended by 2,000 people, a resolution to resist the wage reduction was unanimously passed. The final meeting was held on Wednesday 18th October and literature research, the principal speaker, the President of the Yorkshire Miners Association, Edward Cowey (1839-1903), received an enthusiastic reception from the audience. The Ossett Observer noted Cowey's effectiveness as an orator a big man, with a deep voice, and a North-country accent, Mr. Cowey has a rugged eloquence of his own, which evidently exercises a powerful effect on its hearers - exhibiting as it does, deep earnestness and essay with, an absence of affectation. African Research. By the time that Cowey visited Ossett, some of the miners' families were suffering hardship. When the dispute began, the Yorkshire Miners Association was able to pay 9 shillings a week to each man. The funds were distributed in essays the local public houses and one collier wrote to the Ossett Observer protesting about receiving his pay in a public house and suggested instead that a schoolroom in the Temperance Hall would be more suitable. In the third week of September 1893, the Association's fund ran out.

The last strike pay, amounting to 7 shillings a week for each man, was issued on Thursday 21st and african american literature research paper, Friday 22nd September. The non-union miners who were forced out of work by the strike received no strike pay at all. For example, of the 30 'coal getters' at Westfield Colliery, five were non-unionists. In Ossett, the local leaders of the Yorkshire Miners' Association began organising relief for non-unionists in September. A Relief Committee, headed by Thomas Webster of Roundwood Colliery was set up and descriptive, collections taken. In the week ending Saturday 9th September, almost £20 worth of 'necessaries' were distributed to non-unionists. A number of individuals also tried to help the families of miners who were suffering from hardship. Among them was the paper Mayor, Councillor Francis Lumb Fothergill, who visited over a question, 200 such families and also Alderman Wilson. Some help came also from the Ossett Industrial Co-operative Society, which received £10 from the Co-operative Wholesale Society and distributed it in the form of groceries. The congregation at the Primitive Methodist Chapel in african american literature Dewsbury Road raised £5 9s 8d in a collection, while the parishioners in North Ossett raised enough funds to essay provide thirty boys with breakfast at Gawthorpe Church School.

A meeting for those groups interested in helping provide relief for the miners was called in the Temperance Hall on Wednesday 11th October 1893 and this resulted in the formation of a Relief Sub-Committee of the american literature paper Borough Council and the opening of a subscription list. The Sub-Committee consisted of eight men representing between them the Borough Council, the town's Anglicans, the town's non-Conformists and the miners. By Saturday, 14th October, the Sub-Committee had raised £48 1s 6d. The largest donation of £10 came from the Leeds Mercury Fund, whist Westwood and Company were among four donors of £5 each. The Sub-Committee distributed some 180 relief tickets weekly until Friday 3rd November, when the funds ran out. During the same period, the Sub-Committee also provided two teas for 600 children in the town's schoolrooms, whilst two Leeds gentlemen provided tea for 200 children.

A dance and then a concert, both held in the Temperance Hall provided the Sub-Committee with fresh funds and there was a further distribution of relief in the weeks ending Saturday 18th November and Saturday 25th November. Difference Between And City. Two more free teas for 600 children were provided and american literature research paper, Walter Scott, a butcher in Station Road provided tea for 200 children. By the 25th November, the strike had finally come to campus involvement essay an end. It lasted so long because neither side was willing to compromise. The Coal-owners Federation insisted on a wage reduction whilst the Miners' Federation was firm that no reduction of wages was acceptable. A ballot, held by the Yorkshire Miners' Association in early September, indicated that most of its members supported the strike. A wage reduction, arbitration and a return to work on the old rate of wages were all rejected by large majorities. African Literature Research Paper. However, in Ossett, the feeling was rather different and the Ossett Observer noted that the overwhelming majority of miners in the town wanted to return to work at the old rate of wages. The attitude of the Yorkshire miners changed as their strike fund ran out later in the month. In a second ballot later in essay September, they accepted a recommendation from the american literature research leaders of the Yorkshire Miners' Association to return to work at to obesity, those collieries where the old rate of pay was offered. The Miners' Federation endorsed a return to literature research paper work on these terms, but also imposed a levy of one shilling a day on returning miners in order to support those still in dispute.

Most of the Yorkshire miners found that their employers were still insisting on a wage reduction and so only a minority returned to work. Descriptive. In Ossett, Healey Lane and american literature paper, Pildacre Collieries were working double shifts at the beginning of October, while Low Laithes and Roundwood remained closed. Paper. At Low Laithes, the management offered a 15% reduction in wages rather than the 25% reduction of the 40% advanced since 1887, but this was unacceptable to the men's representatives. In mid-November, a rumour that Low Laithes was to be re-opened was quickly denied by the manager. The dispute was finally brought to an end by the Prime Minister, William Ewart Gladstone, who appointed the Foreign Secretary, Lord Rosebery as a mediator between the two sides. African American Literature. On the 17th November 1893, a joint conference was held at the Foreign Office, under the african research presidency of Lord Rosebery between representatives of the Federated Coal-owners and the Miners' Federation. A settlement was arrived at on basis of the old rate of wages being paid until at american paper, least the 1st February 1894, with a Conciliation Board to follow in at least one year. In Ossett, the miners at Low Laithes and Roundwood returned to work the on takashi following week.

With the end of the strike, the town's mills were able to african return to full production and cancelled rail services were gradually restored. Unfortunately, the Ossett Observer did not comment on african american research, how long it took the literature paper miners' families to recover from the financial strain of the dispute. Bradford Observer, Monday, 7th September 1874. Bradford Observer, Tuesday, 15th September 1874. Bradford Observer, Friday, 25th September 1874. Bradford Observer, Tuesday October 13th 1874. Difference Between Village And City Essay. Leeds Mercury , Saturday January 17th 1863. 1893 Ossett Coal Strike - adapted from an essay by David Scriven. Relative value of UK pound in RPI terms, taken from the web site: http://www.measuringworth.com/calculators/ppoweruk/ York Herald , Monday, January 11th 1875. American Research. Leeds Mercury , Thursday, September 25th 1890.

Leeds Mercury , Saturday, July 19th 1862. Leeds Mercury , Saturday, September 8th 1877. Leeds Mercury , Thursday, 29th March 1888. Leeds Mercury , Tuesday, 22nd December 1857. Lancaster Gazette , Saturday, 26th December 1857.

My maternal grandfather, Joseph John Smith worked nearly all his life as a coal hewer in the Yorkshire pits. He was born in Beaufort, Ebbw Vale in 1897, but moved to Yorkshire in the 1920s to work at Sharlston Colliery. American Research. Here, Joe Smith met and literature paper, married local Horbury girl, Frances Margrave and then lost her to cancer in 1936. For a while, in start with the 1960s, he came to live with his only daughter, Margaret Wilson and african, family in essays murakami Kingsway, Ossett. American Literature Research Paper. I wish I had talked with him more about his life, but it didn't seem important at the time. My grandfather was a great talker, but he never talked about his experiences in the Welsh and Yorkshire coal mines, where he had worked from the age of 14. His back and upper arms were mottled with bluish-grey tattoo-like markings, which were the scars from cuts and abrasions sustained working bareback, hewing coal in can you start an argumentative with a question the narrow seams under Wakefield. The bloody, exposed tissue had then filled with black dust, just like ink from a tattooist's needle, leaving him with a permanent reminder of the decades of underground toil. His lungs were shot from years of inhaling the coal dust, muck and bad air down the mines. I can hear his hacking, wheezing cough now.

Joe died aged 68 from diseases and complications brought on by his years of working in that subterranean hell-hole. Miner's Death 1869 - Inquest at the Little Bull, Ossett Common. Mr Taylor, honor and county coroner held an inquest at the Little Bull Inn, Ossett Common over african research paper, the body of a coal miner, Joseph Crabtree, aged 30. To Obesity. His widow stated that he had his back hurt about two years ago and was laid up for a week. On Friday 27th August 1869 he had left home at american literature research, 5 o'clock in the morning to go to on takashi murakami his work at Messrs. Terry, Greaves and Co., Roundwood Colliery, Soon after 1pm the same day, he was brought home with his left leg broken. Mr. Kemp from Wakefield attended him and african american research, Mr. Lawson Tait also acted to set his leg. Deceased began to complain of pain in his left side a day or two afterwards, but he seemed to mend until last Thursday when the pain in his side commenced again.

He died on Wednesday morning about half past two. Mr. Lawson Tait, Wakefield surgeon said that he visited the deceased about about my apartment, a fortnight ago and african literature, found that he had fractured his left leg and thigh. The leg was in position and appeared to descriptive be going on well. On Thursday witness made a post mortem examination of the body and american paper, found the fractures in process of african american research paper, a cure and in a very satisfactory state. The organs were in a normal condition, except the right side of the heart, which was very much distended with dark, fluid blood. Literature Research Paper. The pulmonary artery was entirely stopped with a hard clot of blood. The clot would cause death by suffocation.

It had no direct communication with his injury. It must have been in existence for several days or possibly weeks. Weakness from injury or illness would be likely to cause disease. Jacob Page of Alverthorpe, coal miner, a fellow worker of the deceased's said that about 11 o'clock in the morning of the 27th August, the deceased's hurrier fetched him and he went to his bank, He found the deceased sitting about african american literature paper, two feet from the face with about 3 or 4 hundredweight of coal and rock on his left leg and helped free the deceased by moving the coal. A row of props were set to african research within four feet of the an argumentative with a question face. African American Paper. The seam of coal is the Haigh Moor, which is about a yard thick, but in three seams. The deceased told him that he had got the two lower seams and african research, tried to get down the top seam and failed, and he had therefore determined to let it stop up until he had got ready for literature research paper, another fall. Verdict: Died from a clot of blood, accelerated by campus involvement essay, the accidental fracture of the left leg. From the ' Ossett Observer' 18th September 1869. Fatal Accident to american research a Hurrier at Roundwood Colliery - 1877. On Tuesday the 2nd inst., a Horbury lad named Wilson Baines was at his work as a hurrier at the Roundwood Colliery, when a mass of stone from the pit roof fell on african research paper, him inflicting various injuries to his head.

The poor boy was taken home unconscious, in which state he remained till half-past one on Sunday afternoon, when he died. Last Tuesday morning, an american literature inquest was held at the King's Arms, the house of Mr. S. Hall, before Mr. T. Taylor and a respectable jury of essay, whom Mr. Thomas Mitchell was foreman. The following evidence was adduced:- Charles White, joiner of Northgate said the deceased was his step son and was 15 years old on african literature research, Friday. He was a hurrier and the son of the late Mr.

T. Baines, rag dealer. He went out to his work at a quarter after five o'clock, a week since that morning. He had worked in a pit going on for four years. He was brought back soon after twelve o'clock, unable to speak, and remained unconscious till he died on Sunday afternoon. He received frequent attention, both from Messrs. Kemp and Son, surgeons of Wakefield and from Mr. B. Kemp from Horbury. William Peace, hurrier of Flushdyke, Ossett said he was working at intro essay, Messrs. African Literature Research. Terry, Greaves Co.'s Roundwood Colliery, and descriptive essay, knew Wilson Baines who hurried on the same road with him.

On Tuesday morning deceased was standing in the middle of the horse road, which is about 5ft 6 in high, when a piece of the roof came in suddenly. Only one piece came out; it was a lump of blue bind and seemed to catch the deceased on the head, knocking him down. He raised an alarm, and his father came to the spot. Joseph Peace, coal miner, of Flushdyke, said he was getting coal from the face of a bank, when he heard something fall and his lad scream out O father, do come, and paper, away he ran and found the deceased on the floor bleeding, with knees drawn up and start an argumentative essay a question, insensible. African Research. He was in a new road which he (witness) helped to drive. He had always considered the road good; his own boys passed up and down the essays way 70 or 80 times a day, and he had to go that way himself. If he had not, he should not have used the road himself or have allowed his boys.

Where the accident occurred, the road was about american research paper, 8 or 9ft wide. Essay. Deceased was bleeding about the head. The piece of stone which came down would weigh about 5 or 6 stones, and literature research, it knocked a prop down in murakami falling. Witness went up to the pit bank immediately to send for a doctor, and the deceased was taken to african american research paper his home. A verdict of accidental death was returned.

From the ' Ossett Observer ' October 13th 1877. Sep 18th 1880: A Chidswell collier with the nickname “Wild Jack” had made a bet that he would “worry a live hedgehog with his teeth, his hands being tied behind him” , also that he would go through other similar performances, in a field behind the Royal Oak, Owl Lane. On Saturday afternoon a crowd of about 200 had gathered, including a number from Batley and my apartment, other places. A man was also in attendance with a bag containing the hedgehog. The police had heard of the affair however, and at 5:00pm a sergeant and african research, two plain clothed constables arrived and were greeted with hooting. No attempt was made to to obesity essay proceed with the exhibition, but it was rumoured that the encounter between the man and african research, the hedgehog came off the same evening at between village, a place called “Dog Loitch”. Above: Percy Christian Greaves (1868-1957) long time principal of literature paper, Roundwood Colliery, Ossett. Greaves took control of the literature colliery in 1885 at american research paper, the tender age of 17 years when his father, John Oldroyd Greaves (1824-1916) suffered a heart attack.

Percy Greaves was destined for a place at Cambridge University, but his father's ill health forced him to take over the family business. By 1892, he had qualified with a first-class colliery manager's certificate and he went on can you an argumentative essay with, to become one of the most eminent mining engineers in the UK. He was respected and african american paper, very well-liked by the men at Roundwood where there were no strikes (excluding National Strikes) during his ownership. Greaves always strove to provide the most up-to-date methods for safety and can you start an argumentative essay, efficiency for his men. It was noted in his obituary (The Times of October 25th 1957) that few days passed when he was not seen at the pit-head or down the shaft of one of his collieries. Percy Greaves lived with his wife and family of african american literature research, four children at Woolgreaves, near Wakefield; a large eleven bedroomed house built in the 1830s and set in 30 acres of grounds. Miners summoned for leaving work - 1888. At the West Riding Court, Dewsbury, George Cawthorne, Richard Foy and descriptive essay my apartment, John Richardson were summoned for unlawfully absenting themselves from their employment at Pildacre Colliery, Ossett early in July 1888. Foy did not appear. Mr. T.L.

Chadwick appearing for Messrs. John Naylor and Co. Ltd., the colliery proprietors stated that the defendants on entering their employment signed the usual printed form of contract to african literature paper give or take 14 days notice on leaving. On the dates named, however, they had abstained themselves and were written to by Mr. William Noble, the colliery manager, but appeared to have obtained work elsewhere. Compensation was claimed from each, being 2 shillings per essay about day, a proportion of the standing expenses of the colliery during their absence.

Foy was asked to pay £2, Richardson £1 14s and Cawthorne £1 12s. Richardson was allowed two weeks to pay and the others two months. From the ' Ossett Observer' 12th August 1880. Aug 16th 1890: A day hole is to be opened from the Runtlings Lane colliery of Messrs Westwood Co. to Healey. American Research Paper. It will be fitted with an engine plane, so that coal can be sent out that way for the mills at Healey, instead of being drawn up that shaft.

The object is to save the expense of carting coal down into the valley. During the coal strike in Ossett in essay 1893, the textile mills in the town were starved of coal and many had to close. Literature Research Paper. Temperance Mill in Church Street, Ossett was owned by Francis Lumb Fothergill and about, he came up with a novel approach to keep his mill open. By running the mill boilers on dried sewage sludge, he was able to keep Temperance Mill operating. By the middle of September 1893, Fothergill had used 150 tons of sewage sludge and several other mills in the town followed his example. The sludge was available free-of-charge from the borough sewage works and the only cost was transporting it, which must have been an unpleasant job. Another approach was to burn rag dust saturated with old engine oil and african literature paper, John William Smith, the owner of Healey Old Mill, Ossett managed to keep his mill operating through the strike using this method.

Fire at Roundwood Pit - 1893. The 'Ossett Observer ' noted in March 1893 that a fire had occurred earlier in the year in difference between the Silkstone pit at Roundwood colliery. The owners of the african american research paper colliery, Terry, Greaves and Co. had not seen fit to contribute the one guinea a year for the services of the Wakefield Fire Brigade, which would have attended the fire earlier so that the disaster would not have been so great. Also on the 7th September 1893, on the same day as as the riot at on takashi murakami, Chidswell, at american literature paper, nearby Ackton Hall colliery in Featherstone, two men lost their lives, after soldiers opened fire on a large crowd of people. There had been some destruction of property at the colliery by a group of rioters and flying pickets intent on causing trouble. By the late afternoon 3 officers and 26 men from the 1st Battalion of the South Staffordshire Regiment had been called in, and the local magistrate read the Riot Act. Because the crowd didn't disperse quickly enough, the soldiers were ordered to open fire. Tragically, by then, the crowd had been swollen with many innocent local bystanders. James Gibbs (22) and between village and city essay, James Arthur Duggan (25) were to die of gunshot wounds and six other people were injured.

Neither Gibbs or Duggan had been involved in the rioting and the unfortunate sequence of events came to be known as the Featherstone Massacre. Alarming Explosion at Ossett Colliery - 1895. A serious accident occurred in one of the coal seams worked by the Low Laithes Colliery Company Limited, at Gawthorpe, Ossett. The seam in question, the Cannel is regarded as sufficiently safe to be worked with naked lights at neighbouring collieries, but safety lamps are used in it at american literature, Low Laithes. There were considerably fewer persons employed there on Saturday than on other days of the week. Operations proceeded in the usual fashion until about eleven o'clock, when an explosion occurred. It appears that ripping was done in the main road, to make the latter high enough for the passage of corves to the coal face.

A shot had been fired to blow down a portion of the roof, and this left a cavity, in which it is supposed some gas may have collected. At all events, when the Deputy in charge Asa Dransfield, of Gawthorpe, fired another shot, gas exploded. Dransfield and five other miners who were working in that part of the mine were unfortunately burnt. As soon as possible they were drawn to essay about my apartment the surface. Dr. Mill (Messrs. Wiseman and Mill) happened to be in american literature research paper the locality, and was quickly summoned. The colliery surgeon, Mr. Oates, of Dewsbury arrived later.

Oil and limewater were applied to the burns of the injured men, which were also bandaged with cotton wool. Assistance in this was rendered by Police-sergeant Wilcock and essays on takashi murakami, Police-constable Groves, who are members of the St. John Ambulance Association. Under the direction of Dr. African American Literature Paper. Mill, five men were removed in cabs to the Dewsbury and District Infirmary, their names being: Joseph Peaker (39), married, no children, of Bennett's Buildings, Gawthorpe, Ossett; burnt on right side, back, and involvement, arms. John Robinson (33), married, two children, of Commercial Street, Earlsheaton.; burnt on research paper, back, shoulder, face, and arms. Fred Squires (27), single, living with his parents at Chickenley Heath, Soothill; burnt on the neck face, and head. Thomas Coulter (20), single, lodging at Sunderland's Buildings, Soothill Lane; burnt on arms, back, and face. Peter Kenney (about 45 or 50), single, of Cobden Street, Batley; burnt on back, arms, and face.

Asa Dransfield, the deputy, who was badly burnt on his arms, etc. did not go to the Infirmary, but was able to go down the pit upon the arrival of the managing director, Mr. A.B. Blakeley of campus involvement essay, Dewsbury, and explain how the accident had occurred. It is understood that the explosion was not of sufficient violence to do any material damage to the pit workings. Robinson was able to leave the infirmary on Wednesday, and Peaker yesterday. The other three men are still lying in american research paper the Andrew Pickard ward of the difference between institution, but it is thought that Kenny will be ready to go out african american paper next Tuesday or Wednesday.

Squires and Coulter, who were both terribly scorched are not yet out of danger. Intro. Squires has his face and head entirely enveloped in bandages, with the exception of small orifices for his eyes, nose and african, mouth. From the ' Ossett Observer ' July 13th 1895. Above: The engine in the Power House at Low Laithes Colliery, Gawthorpe which was used to generate electricity. Fatal Accident at Shaw Cross Colliery - 1897. A lad named Joseph Jennings, 14 years of age, son of Allen Jennings, coal miner, Chidswell was fatally injured at Shaw Cross Colliery belonging to Messrs.

Crawshaw and Warburton. The deceased's mother, Mrs. Emma Jennings, said he was a strong active lad and african american literature paper, employed as a pony driver. He left home at 5.30 on Wednesday morning to research paper go to the pit, along with his brother Israel, a hurrier at the same pit. Campus Involvement. He was brought home at about quarter to eight the same morning in an injured condition, but he died at 10.30 that night. African Paper. When the body was laid out, the left side had the skin grazed and one of his hands was crushed. Stuart Hartley of Hanging Heaton said he was employed along with the deceased as a pony driver at Shaw Cross Colliery. He saw the deceased at the pit bottom at about half past six on Wednesday morning. They both travelled on the main horse road to the junction, the difference between village essay road being 6 feet high and 12 feet wide. About seven o'clock, he was coming from the coal face when he saw deceased's pony standing still in the road, attached to ten loaded corves, the first being overturned, with the african american literature research deceased lying under it.

Five of the corves were off the rails, and five on, but they were all coupled. The road appeared all right, and he could not tell how the accident had happened unless some coal had fallen into village and city essay the points and prevented them from working properly. He and another driver named Joseph Henry Wade liberated the deceased, who only american, said Take me home. Witness had worked on the same road and had found nothing out of order. They found the deceased about five yards from the points. African American. The jury returned a verdict that the deceased was accidentally injured by african american literature, the corves. From the ' Ossett Observer ' September 4th 1897. After the coal strike in 1893, Ossett artist Mark Senior received a commission from a group of campus essay, local mill owners to paint a portrait of Henry Westwood, the owner of Westfield Colliery in Ossett.

Above: 1893 portrait of Ossett mine owner Henry Westwood, J.P. painted by Mark Senior. Westwood had tried hard to keep his pit open to supply coal to power the local textile mills in Ossett. During the dispute, not only had Westwood not tried to impose the 25% pay cut on his workers that the Coal-owners' Federation was calling for in response to lower coal prices, but also he had not drastically increased his coal prices to take advantage of the coal famine. In recognition of his services, local mill owners subscribed for his portrait to be painted and it was presented to him in January 1894. The painting was described in the Ossett Observer as an admirable likeness and was inscribed Presented to Mr. Henry Westwood J.P. by african paper, a few friends, as a mark of respect and in grateful recognition of the generous assistance rendered by his firm to the trade of Ossett during the campus involvement memorable coal strike of 1893.

Westwood's business partner, in Westwood and Co. at Westfield Colliery, William Wray, was presented with an inscribed gold watch. Oct 2nd 1909: An interesting discovery was made in the Low Laithes pit at Gawthorpe on Sunday when a bye-worker named Joe Edwards discovered a bottle, containing tea, in a worked-out part of the mine. Edwards, along with four other men, was making his way up No.2 rise towards the “73 gate” when they stopped for a rest in what is african, known as “Ned Littlewood’s Place“. It was while resting that Joe noticed the bottle, covered with dust, lying on descriptive, one side of the road. He picked it up and it immediately occurred to him that it was the bottle taken down by a miner named Horace Moorhouse, who had his back broken in american literature research paper that spot nearly two years ago. Near at hand they also found Moorehouse’s “snap“. Although it is two years ago since the involvement accident occurred, the african american research bottle was intact. Shale had fallen from the roof around the bottle but had not touched it. The man to whom it belonged, though helpless, is stated to be in excellent health and spirits, apart from his injured back.

Colliery Death at Low Laithes 1921. Alexander Isaacs (40), a colliery contractor was severely injured in an explosion following a misfired shot whilst working in descriptive essay about the Low Laithes Colliery Co Ltd at Wrenthorpe (Wakefield). The accident happened on african american research, the 9th February 1921 and Isaacs was taken to Clayton Hospital in Wakefield where he later died from about his injuries on the 21st February 1921. Redfern Kaye, the underground manager at literature research, Whitwood Colliery, near Castleford agreed to allow a group of students from Leeds University to on takashi murakami go underground on February 16th 1926. His daughters Gladys and literature, Mary went with him. The shaft was inspected in the afternoon and the group went down the Speedwell shaft at 6pm, Redfern Kaye leading the way and on takashi murakami, Bill Hughes at the back of the group. Mary was in front of literature research, him. The roof caved in and Mary was trapped under a huge timber roof support. She was killed outright. This led to a ban on campus involvement, women going underground at american literature paper, West Yorkshire collieries for many years. Aug 14th 1926: While searching for coal during the on takashi strike, workers have unearthed in fields near the boundary beck, near Tufty Farm, what appears to be old coal stores.

In field after field on the bottom side it was found that underneath about a foot of soil was a layer of small coal, varying in depth from one to two feet, and partitioned off every four or so by african research, a narrow barrier of solid clay. At some time or other beyond the between memory of the oldest inhabitant, the turf and subsoil have been removed, clay walls constructed at american research paper, intervals of four feet, the intervening space filled with coal, and the soil turf then restored. The theory put forward is about, that long ago well over 100 years ago, it is thought coal was worked extensively in this locality, and as it was used mostly for domestic purposes, the small coal, or slack, was practically valueless, and was disposed of in african research paper this way, either to level up undulating land, or to avoid the creation of unsightly spoil heaps. This would entail much labour, but labour was cheap in descriptive essay about my apartment those days. African American Paper. The clay partitions could serve to either stop the small coal being washed away, or to prevent the spread of fire in the case of spontaneous combustion. In some places intersecting clay barriers are found, giving the appearance of a huge honeycomb. Similar operations are being carried out at intro to obesity essay, Low Park Farm, where the african american paper formation of the dumps is the same.

Here the coal is being got between two and two and a half feet thick. An 18th century coin has been found here amongst the coal, and essay about my apartment, may give some indication of the age of the dumps. May 25 1946: Opencast coal workings between Storrs Hill and Healey, in six months, have transformed 52 acres of agricultural land into a region of quarries and huge mounds. Producing 700 tons of coal per week, over 20,000 tons have been taken since work commenced last October. It is estimated that 400,000 tons will have been taken before work finishes, probably at the end of the american research year. The site is murakami, between Storrs Hill Road and Healey gasworks. Two coal seams, each 3 feet thick, are being worked.

They outcrop about 100 feet from each other, on the Ossett side of the LMS railway. Excavations have been made a short distance inwards, where coal is twenty to thirty feet below the surface. During the last six months the Upper Haigh seam has been almost exhausted, and american paper, Lower Haigh has been started on descriptive my apartment, from the Storrs Hill end. Between thirty and forty men are employed there by Messrs Otty Brothers of literature research, Leeds. Old underground pit workings have been exposed by the work.

A field on the Horbury side of Storrs Hill has already been worked, and is ready to be restored.

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Familiarity with Point of Sale (POS) and common restaurant machinery Able to memorize entire menu within a day, including ingredient combinations Proven ability to “upsell” alcohol, dessert, and appetizers to difference between customers Bilingual Spanish and English. Waitress | Los Angeles, CA | 2012 – Present. Memorized restaurant’s wine stock and appropriate entree pairings, leading to daily wine sales averaging $180, fully 15% higher than company average Wrote patron’s food orders on slips, memorized orders, and managed food resources in a 120+ seat restaurant Operated POS terminals to african literature input customer orders, swipe credit cards, and enter cash amounts received Received in-depth training for proper food handing techniques, including proper freezer placement, appropriate soup temperatures, and equipment cleaning processes. Hostess Waitress | Los Angeles, CA | 2010 – 2012. Awarded “Employee of the Month” two months consecutively Bussed tables, presented menus, seated customers, and murakami, assisted waiters with drink orders Trained 3 new hosts in providing excellent customer service and conflict resolution techniques. Florida State University, Orlando, FL. Bachelor of literature research paper Arts in essay about my apartment English, May 2008. Three Transferable Skills for Food Service: 1. Customer Interactivity: If you have ever had any experience dealing with customers (whether you were scooping ice cream, greeting people at a front desk, operating a ticket booth, etc.), this type of experience is african research, transferable into any other customer service job. 2. Technical: Have you ever swiped a credit card, operated a Point of descriptive my apartment Sale (POS) Terminal, or re-stocked receipt paper?

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Awarded “Employee of the Month” for consistently making achieving 15% above target sales Perfected menu presentation skills, providing customers a holistic understanding of the restaurant offerings, leading to more sales Trained 4 underperforming waiters in salesmanship methodology, increasing their sales to meet company average. Experience with 3 types of african literature paper POS Terminals, receipt roll replacement, and difference and city, coffee machine cleaning Familiarity with common restaurant bread cutting machines, dishwashers, and knowledge of equipment cleaning processes Excellent basic math skills, able to calculate and american paper, split bills in my apartment the event of POS Terminal downtime. Consistently scored over 90% satisfaction rating on research paper, customer feedback surveys Conversational in start with Spanish (able to take orders from american literature research paper Spanish speaking customers.) Possess excellent conflict resolution skills in the event of customer dissatisfaction. University of american research paper South Carolina, Columbia, SC. Bachelor of Science in african american research paper Marketing, May 2005. 4 Steps to Writing the Ultimate Server Resume. “Food service” encompasses many different roles within a restaurant, cafeteria, or other food service establishment, such as waiters and essays on takashi murakami, servers, line cooks, bartenders, hosts and american literature paper, hostesses, and difference village and city, busboys. A waiter takes orders from a happy couple. These roles fall into what are called the “front end” (customer service) and research paper, the “back end” (food preparation) of the involvement, establishments. This resume is relevant to literature paper those of you with “front end” server experience. We will teach you why this is an can you an argumentative essay excellent resume, and how you can write your own in a similar fashion.

As a professional food service worker, you may currently be writing your resume in order to: Find a new working environment Earn more money Attain a managerial role. Read this resume writing guide to ensure you achieve your goals. By the way be sure to read our Resume Writing 10 Commandments to understand the major rules that all resumes need to american follow, including server resumes. Campus Essay. If this seems difficult, you can always create a food service resume in minutes with our widely praised resume maker. 1. Include These Key Server, Waitress, and Waiter Skills. For some quick help, here are the key aspects you need to include on a server resume.

Restaurant hiring managers will be looking for these specific traits to decide if you’re a worthwhile candidate. Be sure to african american literature research paper include these key server skills on your resume. Keep in mind that if you have any food service certifications, such as a Certification in Food Handling and Safety, you should place it at the top of your resume. If you don’t have any, you can land more interviews and potentially increase your salary by campus involvement essay, earning one. The National Restaurant Association offers certifications here. 2. Write a Convincing Career Objective. The first major section of american literature research your resume is called the can you an argumentative with a question, Career Objective. This applicant’s Career Objective IMMEDIATELY puts her on the short list for an interview because she included relevant information throughout the objective. There are four reasons this example has a strong Career Objective.

Pay particular attention to the bolded parts: 1st: It immediately states years of experience: 7+ years of experience in food preparation and service… 2nd: It indicates earned titles or certificates: Certificate in Food Handling and Safety. 3rd: It emphasizes deep knowledge of the african literature paper, business: Keen knowledge of wines, entrees , and the responsibilities of a successful restauranteur.

4th: It states the position she wants to can you start an argumentative essay with fill: “Aiming to…effectively perform a management position at your restaurant. African Literature. “ In the eyes of a hiring manager, this applicant’s Career Objective IMMEDIATELY puts her on essay, the short list for african literature research, an interview because she included great resume builders throughout the objective. It is also well written, and targeted at the managerial role she wants to fill. Good news! Food service manager roles are projected to increase by 11% through 2022.

It’s very important to remember that the Career Objective does not relate to descriptive essay about what YOU want from the job, but rather what you can do for the company . African American Literature Research Paper. In this way, the applicant makes a convincing argument that she’d be an asset to the company in a managerial role. Our step by step Career Objective writing guide can give you concrete ideas about how to write your own. 3. Describe your Server Experience with Numbers. Adding numbers to your job description bullet points will help the on takashi, hiring manager grasp the size and scope of your responsibilities, and paper, give them a clearer mental picture of your experience. By quantifying your resume, it will immediately become better than the vast majority of your competition. The easiest way to difference between and city do this is to simply write how big your food establishment is, and how many seats it has.

The applicant does this twice for the two establishments she worked in, as you can see from the bolded text below: Write patrons’ food orders on slips, memorize orders, or enter orders into computers for transmittal to kitchen staff in a 150+ seat restaurant Present menus to patrons and answer questions about menu items, making recommendations upon request in a 70+ seat restaurant. Even by making this simple addition, your resume will immediately be better than the vast majority of your competition. If you really want to blow away the hiring manager, you’ll need to do more complex research, like this example: Memorized restaurant’s wine stock and the meals they should accompany, leading to daily wine sales averaging $150, fully 20% higher than company average. Do you know how much you make in sales daily or monthly? You can expect to make an average of $47,960 per years as a Food Service Manager. Most restaurants — especially big chains — will track their servers’ sales statistics for the purposes of budgeting (and, of american course, to cajole low performers). Village And City Essay. You can ask your manager to literature research paper see these statistics, and include them on your resume. Even if you didn’t perform spectacularly (like the applicant), simply including this information in your resume will indicate to campus involvement essay the hiring manager that you are self-motivated and hard working.

This is called writing an literature research “achievement oriented” resume — and these tend to land the most interviews. Bonus: Action Verbs for Your Server Resume. 4. Include Relevant Additional Skills. Your Additional Skills section should not list your hobbies and interests, unless they are relevant to intro to obesity essay the job. Being bilingual in Spanish and English is a valuable asset to have, especially for a managerial position. (For instance, a wine connoisseur would be a valuable asset to a restaurant that sells wine.) Since you are a professional food service worker, regardless if you are crafting a server resume or one seeking a more supervisory role, you should definitely include these bullet points in your Additional Skills section to build a stronger resume: Familiarity with Point of literature paper Sale terminals Problem solving and communication skills. If you also happen to be bilingual in difference between village essay Spanish and literature research, English, that also tends to be a valuable asset to have in a US based restaurant — especially for a managerial position. Candidate emphasizes having a Certification in Food Handling and Safety Candidate places Education Section first due to descriptive my apartment having recent school experience Candidate mentions her high customer satisfaction rating.

Getting the Education Section Right. All entry-level candidate resume must begin with the education section. American Literature Paper. Although this candidate has had prior work experience, it was as a trainee, or as a part-time worker. The most important reason the applicant is considered entry-level is because she just recently graduated from community college . This applicant has educational experience related to food service (Certificate in on takashi Food Handling and american research paper, Safety, BA in Food Science). Understandably, you may not — and can you start, that’s fine. If you have no experience whatsoever, you’ll need to write a very convincing cover letter that the employer should take a chance on you. The education section on an entry-level resume can be more detailed and whimsical than a professional resume , because it’s likely that you don’t have prior work experience. Literature Paper. The hiring manager will be interested to know if you are generally an essays murakami active person or not. Therefore, you can include information about:

Clubs you’ve joined Greek life you participate in american literature Relevant coursework GPA (if above 3.5/4.0) Other Good Food Service Industry Samples. Waiter – Newjobs.com (Note: One of the few decent resume samples in intro this industry on the net. The Professional Experience section introductory paragraphs are a bit overdone, and could instead use more bullet points. Otherwise, this is american paper, a great sample.) Waiter- career-development-help.com (Note: A simple, but effective resume.

Has a well done “Professional Profile”.) Cook – CC.edu (Note: Overall an essay excellent resume, although the Work Experience section is not formatted very well.) Share Food Service (Waitress #038; Waiter) Resume Samples Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to american paper help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Play the One-Minute Game That’ll Show You How to Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the quality of a resume within 6 seconds?

The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to village and city the test, and learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout. American Literature Research. See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job.

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Read Full Business Plan. 6. Painting Contractors Business Plan. Barnum Painters will provide top-quality interior and exterior residential and difference village, commercial painting services. The principal officers of Barnum Painters believe that most companies in this industry suffer two major problems : poor scheduling of job projects and poor retention of quality employees. African American Literature Research Paper. We intend to change the way these are done and excel in both areas. Read Full Business Plan. 7. Home Interior Design Business Plan. Hamlin and Park Design will offers a wide range of descriptive essay my apartment, interior design services to meet any client#8217;s needs in our business area. Our services will include : On-site consultations; Project survey analysis; Space planning furniture arrangement; Design concepts; Finishes furnishings; Custom designs; Purchasing, delivery, installation; Project coordination management. Read Full Business Plan.

8. Furniture Manufacturer Business Plan. Trestle Creek Cabinets will be formed as a cabinet company specializing in custom cabinets for the high-end residential, resort, and commercial market. African Research Paper. Its founders have extensive experience in the construction and african research, cabinet industry. Read Full Business Plan. 9. African Literature. Equipment Rental Sales Business Plan. Equipment Rental, Inc. (ER) is a company that sells and rents heavy equipment such as bulldozers, backhoes, excavators, and trenchers as well as small home use and construction equipment such as tillers, augers, and chain saws. Read Full Business Plan. 10.

Building Construction Business Plan. Concrete Installation LLC plans to become the leading provider of campus involvement, concrete formwork services in the area. This means always having the best and most efficient facilities, processes, and american paper, people. Read Full Business Plan. 11. Construction Repair Business Plan. HodgePodge Sealcoating Company is essay a service provider that offers crack filling and sealcoating to research residential customers.

Sealcoating protects asphalt driveways by intro to obesity essay, filling the cracks and coating the surface of the driveway, protecting it against the weather. Read Full Business Plan. 12. Computer Consulting Business Plan. Calico Computer Consulting shall provide fast and reliable technical assistance to small office computer users. The keys to success for CCC are marketing and networking, responsiveness, quality, and generating repeat customers. The initial primary service offered will be hourly technical aid, although retainer contracts and projects will be considered in the future growth. Read Full Business Plan. 13. Wedding Consultant Business Plan.

TLC Wedding Consultants is a full service company that provides complete consulting services for weddings, holy unions and anniversaries. African. Our services include weddings, honeymoons, receptions, anniversary consultations, budget planning, answers to etiquette questions, as well as full-service referrals to can you start essay a question florists, hair stylists, entertainers, musicians, etc. African American Literature Research. Read Full Business Plan. 14. To Obesity Essay. Business Consulting Business Plan. Growth Management and Strategies (GMS) is an african literature research ambitious innovative new company that is attempting to turn the small business consulting business on its head. With an experienced consultant at start an argumentative, the helm as President, GMS intends to grow at more than 50 percent per year through solid customer service, a great sales plan, proven competitive strategies, and a group of people that bring dynamic energy to the company and the sales process. Read Full Business Plan.

15. Seminar Training Business Plan. Advanced Linguistic Pontificators is a leading seminar and training program company led by a best-selling author. Advanced Linguistic Pontificators will be targeting medium- and large-size companies and corporations. Pontificators will quickly reach profitability and african american literature research, achieve $79,000 of net profit by Year Two. Read Full Business Plan. 16. Marketing Strategy Consultant Business Plan. The Cambridge Strategy Group (CSG) , is dedicated to providing marketing and management consulting services to small and emerging businesses looking for opportunities to increase their potential for difference between village success.

Unlike traditional management consulting firms that focus on analyzing problems for large customers, CSG works exclusively with small business clients to develop concrete, practical, short-term action plans that will start moving their businesses in literature research paper the right direction. Read Full Business Plan. Safe Kids Child Care is a start-up organization that provides day care services to to obesity essay families living in the surburbs of african american literature research paper, a large city. This mid-sized child care facility serves children from three months to six years of age. Safe Kids’s services are safe and secure, providing the on takashi murakami, parents with an african literature paper excellent place where their children can be taken care of. Read Full Business Plan. The Toddler Warehouse is intro to obesity essay a full-service child care/development facility that cares for toddlers from age three to five. The Toddler Warehouse will be concentrating on the upper end of the american, market: which is made up of double-income professional parents. Read Full Business Plan.

19. Diaper Manufacturer Business Plan. Start With. Baby Nappies World plans to enter and penetrate the baby nappies and sanitary pads market. Baby Nappies World is american literature research paper poised to take advantage of the impressive growth rate and minimal local competition in this market. It will have a dedicated and campus, experienced staff, excellent order procurement, and african literature research paper, effective management and marketing.

Read Full Business Plan. The Falls River Theatre will provide the residents of Falls River with a long-awaited, hometown movie theatre. The films shown will be second run releases of the most popular movies in murakami two target markets: families and young adults. Read Full Business Plan. 21. Parenting Centre Business Plan. A Mother#8217;s Place is a new company targeted to open in downtown Santa Cruz. African American. We will provide a family-friendly environment with high quality customer service to meet the daily emotional, physical and social well-being needs of mothers, young children and essays, other family members. Read Full Business Plan.

22. Recreation Center Business Plan. Play Time for Kids has identified the family entertainment industry as its primary interest and the company has focused its efforts on african american research, the development of one or more family entertainment centers (FEC) to provide quality family entertainment activities to the communities in the Our County, Big City area. Read Full Business Plan. Difference Between Essay. 23. Tutoring Service Business Plan. African. Bryan#8217;s Tutoring Service offers a wide range of academic subjects. Sessions can be set up as private or students may form groups for tutoring. Private sessions offer intense individual assistance, but groups sessions can also be beneficial with decreased economic costs and essay, the use of team-based approach that the business program encourages.

Read Full Business Plan. 24. Educational Software Business Plan. Third Degree I.D. designs, develops, and african american paper, markets instructional products and services for the corporate, education, government, and healthcare e-learning industries. African Literature Research. It provides a core deliverable of programs, courses, and learning objects for the distance education, distributed learning, and literature research paper, e-learning markets. Read Full Business Plan. Markam Driving School (MDS) offers a wide range of driver services. It is ultimately the goal of the company to be a one-stop facility for all driver needs, including registration, licensing, etc., but at research paper, this time Markam mainly offers private and commercial driver education in the Seattle, WA area.

MDS is positioned as a low-cost facility with excellent service. Read Full Business Plan. 26. Computer Software Business Plan. FoodFun Lifeskills Instructional Software (FoodFun LIS) is a start-up organization whose vision is to create the finest education/entertainment software for american paper non-reading individuals with developmental disabilities.

The software product is can you start designed and created for the special education industry. It will be constructive by american research, teaching certain lifeskills and will be fun to use, encouraging the student to use it as often as possible. Read Full Business Plan. 27. Teachers Employment Agency Business Plan. Teacherafterschooljobs.com is a new job search website that is designed to provide teachers with part-time or seasonal employment, supplementing their current income. The site will be effective in matching educated, mature, responsible educators with employers in need of their part-time or summer assistance. Read Full Business Plan. 28. Agriculture Farm Business Plan.

Botanical Bounty is working hard to become a leading producer of botanical plants for the natural supplement industry as well as plant nurseries. By leveraging a well thought-out business plan executed by a skilled management team, Botanical Bounty will generate over $216,000 in descriptive my apartment sales in the next three years. African American Research. Read Full Business Plan. 29. American Literature Paper. Agriculture Fruit Farm Business Plan. Farmers Group is african paper a company whose mission is to provide high quality, nutritional, and flavourful vegetables and strawberries for consumption in both near and remote areas. Additionally, the company will provide high quality planting materials for use nationwide. Read Full Business Plan. Silvera Sons prepares green Arabica coffee beans grown in Brazil for exportation to research paper American specialty roasters and sells to wholesalers on the Brazilian market.

Our coffee stands out from the competition. We prepare the american, top five percent, in terms of quality standards, of all Arabica beans on the market. Our customers seek this product as it provides them with a point of difference village, differentiation to literature paper specialty roasters. Read Full Business Plan. African Literature Paper. Oasis Juice is planning to expand its operation to include distribution to literature research paper stores within the essay, entire state. Owner funding and internally generated cash flow will enable most of the expansion plans.

The company will also secure a $100,000 short-term loan. Sales projections for literature research paper the next three years are based on current sales success with the essay, target customer base. This plan will result in sales revenues growing to $1.2 million by Year 2. Read Full Business Plan. 32. Feed and american literature research paper, Farm Supply Business Plan. Latheethen Feeds , Inc. is a well-established custom feed store. The company is descriptive about engaged in the production of custom livestock feeds, bird feed, deer feed, and other animal products in relation to african research paper livestock animals, pets, etc. Latheethen Feeds, Inc. has recently expanded its production facility (custom mill) and is well-positioned to market its workroom production beyond its present client base.

Read Full Business Plan. The Mountain Brook Fitness Center is a thriving business-person#8217;s club but is also one of the only family-focused clubs in the Monroe area. Involvement Essay. Fifty percent of african american paper, our members are under the age of intro to obesity essay, 45 and have young children. Currently, the center has 900 members. A center membership is $800 a year.

The Mountain Brook Fitness Center wants to add an american literature paper additional 300 members with families over the next three years. Read Full Business Plan. 34. Fitness Equipment Business Plan. Circuit Fitness Importing is african american research paper a start-up business that has become the exclusive importer of the literature, Wega Corporation#8217;s innovative Esercitazione Diritta (Exercise Standing) fitness equipment. Circuit Fitness Importing is poised to receive the exclusive license to sell this patented equipment, already very popular in campus involvement Europe, in the U.S.A. Read Full Business Plan. 35. Martial Arts School Business Plan.

Cents and Sensibility will be a value-priced taekwondo martial arts school serving its customers in our community by african literature research paper, providing several programs for a variety of african american research paper, purposes, ranging from basic martial arts, to self defense, to esteem and life skills building, and more. Cents and Sensibility Martial Arts School plans to enhance its programs as it expands, developing new programs to ensure the african american research paper, students have as much access to the different aspects of Songahm Taekwondo as possible. Read Full Business Plan. 36. Physical Fitness Gym Business Plan. Ladies Only Fitness is a women-only health club that creates a personalized environment for essay women to pursue their fitness goals. We have the best equipment and the best training program in this arena. We prepare our clients for success because we have the best weight-management program. Positive Lifestyle Systems is a truly responsible and american paper, effective weight-management program. We offer this program with confidence. African American Research. It is unbeatable.

Read Full Business Plan. American Research Paper. 37. Wholesale Bicycle Distributor Business Plan. Wheelie Deals is a wholesale distributor that serves the retail bicycle industry. Wheelie Deals will carve out campus involvement, a focused niche within this industry, providing closeouts, last-year models, and fairly-used bicycles. Currently, most of the large wholesalers will occasionally have a closeout to offer, however, the availability of special deals is spotty. Wheelie Deals will quickly become the literature, #1 source to provide retail shops with above average margins. Descriptive My Apartment. Read Full Business Plan. 38. Clothing Manufacturer Business Plan. New Look is a recent start-up manufacturer of an american upscale clothing line targeted at descriptive my apartment, males between the ages of 20 and 40.

New Look not only develops the clothing line, but supports it with advertising and promotion campaigns. The company plans to strengthen its partnership with retailers by african american literature paper, developing brand awareness. New Look intends to descriptive essay about market its line as an alternative to existing clothing lines, and african literature, differentiate itself by marketing strategies, exclusiveness, and high brand awareness. And City Essay. Read Full Business Plan. 39. Cosmetics Manufacturing Business Plan. Bluespa is a company that has created a brand concept consisting of both skin care and athletic apparel utilizing multiple channels of literature research, distribution. Between. We are seeking recurring investment to fund the growth of the brand, and african american literature research paper, position the company for an IPO.

This plan shows how Bluespa will reach profitability in our third year of operation and generate shareholder return on equity within five years. Read Full Business Plan. 40. Plastics Recycling Business Plan. The growing utilization of plastics in industrial and consumer applications, combined with increased consumer awareness surrounding solid waste recycling, has led to an increased demand for recycled plastic resins and products. One of the fastest growing types of collected plastic materials for start an argumentative recycling is polyethylene terephthalate (#8220;PET#8221;) from post-consumer beverage and water bottles.

Replay Plastics will capitalize on the opportunities in the recycled resin and packaging markets through two main divisions: a Recycling Division and a Packaging Division. Read Full Business Plan. 41. American Research. Cleaning Products Business Plan. The marketplace for janitorial products and services is changing, both in campus essay nature and scope.

The consumer is becoming more conscious of the african american, environmental impact of essays murakami, cleaners as the literature research, market expands. ChemSafe offers a innovative line of biodegradable, environmentally safe, citrus cleaners to janitorial services, retail outlets and consumers. The product line includes: Automotive cleaners; Industrial cleaners; Degreasers; Hand cleaners; Odour control; Tar remover; Concrete cleaners; Vehicle wash and wax products. Read Full Business Plan. 42. Office Furniture Manufacturer Business Plan. Willamette Furniture helps create pleasant and productive office environments with well-designed furniture that incorporates new technology into essay, the classic office mode in which real people can work happily. We are sensitive to the look and feel of good wood and fine furniture as well as to high-powered personal computing.

We always provide the literature paper, best possible value to essay our customers who care about quality office environments, and we want every dollar spent with us to american research paper be well spent. Read Full Business Plan. Comgate is a custom mill house specializing in creating architectural woodwork in the form of wall paneling, custom cabinets, and other products for murakami the local residential market. After initial losses and several thin profit years of competitive bidding construction projects, Comgate is creating this business plan in order to bring its mission statement into clearer focus. American Literature Paper. Prior years were characterized by hectic efforts to bid as many jobs as possible. Margins were thin as pricing policy was #8220;flexible#8221; for fear that there would be insufficient work for production staff. Read Full Business Plan. American Literature Research Paper. 44. Retail Furniture Manufacturer Business Plan. Producing and american paper, selling furniture is a $12 billion industry. The focus of the intro to obesity essay, industry is on the affluent customer who can spend upwards of $3,000 on american paper, furniture purchases.

In our region, there are fifteen furniture stores that are competing for these customers with deep pockets. Those customers who can#8217;t afford these high prices are left with a poor selection of african research paper, inferior products. Read Full Business Plan. African American Paper. Pink Lady Bug Designs LLC (PLBD) is a provider of high-quality, uniquely crafted chocolates, gift baskets and other fine products that are sold for the purpose of raising awareness and funds for on takashi murakami women#8217;s health programs. Read Full Business Plan. Literature Paper. The Discount Pharmacy#8217;s main goal is to provide prescription medications for can you essay a question our customers at the lowest prices on african american literature research, the market.

We will be able to sell prescriptions at reduced prices by carefully maintaining efficiencies in essay our operations and by targeting a specific segment of the market those customers who pay for their prescription medications themselves. Read Full Business Plan. Fargo Medical Laboratories (FML) is african literature research a start-up company committed to providing the most convenient, friendliest blood testing service to difference between village and city essay the physicians of the research, Main Street Professional Building and the surrounding area. Murakami. Read Full Business Plan. 48. Medical Equipment Business Plan. MedNexis, Inc. (the company) is a medical device development company that has designed and african, patented medical devices which it plans to produce and market. A magnetic muscle stimulator/field generator has been designed with the participation of leading medical personnel and biomedical engineers. One patent is initially incorporated.

Read Full Business Plan. 49. Real Estate Broker Business Plan. While many people hope one day to purchase their own home, cultural barriers and shortages in affordable housing are just two of the issues that can prevent these dreams from materializing. Reed Properties is working to keep these dreams alive.

This new real estate brokerage will not only define success by on takashi murakami, the number of units closed and american literature paper, sales volume but also by whether people were helped in involvement essay the process. Read Full Business Plan. Jolly#8217;s Java and american, Bakery (JJB) is a start-up coffee and bakery retail establishment located in Southwest Washington. An Argumentative With A Question. JJB expects to catch the interest of a regular loyal customer base with its broad variety of coffee and pastry products. The company plans to build a strong market position in the town, due to literature research paper the partners#8217; industry experience and american research paper, mild competitive climate in the area. JJB aims to offer its products at a competitive price to meet the demand of the middle-to higher-income local market area residents and research, tourists. Read Full Business Plan. Sumptuous Cuisine Catering is a local catering company serving both business and private clients within a ten mile radius. Essays Murakami. Established in 2005, the business has operated a catering kitchen and specialized in full-service catering and event planning for upscale events in the region. The business event management, event staff, a variety of cuisine for breakfasts, lunches, dinners, and appetizers, alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverage service, floral design, space design and decor, musicians and DJs, event equipment and american paper, furniture rentals, and other event services.

Read Full Business Plan. Campus Involvement Essay. New World Delicatessen (NWD) is an eating establishment focusing on heathy, nutritious, and fast food to the local downtown area. The New World Deli will be an literature research paper upscale deli specializing in a combination of fast hot or cold sandwiches and salads plus specific recipes focusing on can you with, the Pacific Northwest cuisine. African American Paper. Based on this distinct menu, New World Deli will follow a differentiation strategy that will provide unique, or hard to find choices to on takashi murakami deli patrons. African American. Read Full Business Plan.

53. Fast Food Restaurant Business Plan. Fresin Fries is a locally owned fast food outlet that will be positioned as an my apartment international franchise through our creative approach to the company#8217;s image and detail presentation. African Literature. Fresin Fries will provide a combination of excellent food at campus involvement essay, value pricing, with fun packaging and atmosphere. African Research Paper. Fresin Fries is the answer to an increasing demand for intro to obesity essay snack-type fast food, to be consumed while window shopping and american literature research paper, walking around inside a shopping mall. Essay. Read Full Business Plan. 54. Fine Dining Restaurant Business Plan. Gabri#8217;s Lounge Restaurant is a 60-seat fine-dining restaurant with a 20 seat lounge. We focus on our New American-Swedish menu with a touch of Asian influence. African American Literature Research Paper. The menu will be inspired from different countries#8217; specialties and intro, appeal to american a diverse clientele.

Read Full Business Plan. 55. Food Preparation Business Plan. What#8217;s For Dinner? is an exciting, new business with a unique approach to helping people enjoy home cooked meals with their families. Between Village And City. Customers will come to our office location and african research, prepare 12 meals that they pre-select from a menu in a party atmosphere. In two hours, they will have a month#8217;s worth of american, meals to put in their freezer. Read Full Business Plan.

JavaNet , unlike a typical cafe, will provide a unique forum for communication and entertainment through the medium of the Internet. Research. The public wants: (1) access to the methods of communication and volumes of information now available on the Internet, and (2) access at a cost they can afford and in on takashi murakami such a way that they aren#8217;t socially, economically, or politically isolated. American Literature Paper. JavaNet#8217;s goal is to provide the descriptive essay my apartment, community with a social, educational, entertaining, atmosphere for worldwide communication. Read Full Business Plan. There is a need in community for a large selection of quality used cars, and research paper, Integrity Auto Sales will sell these top-quality used vehicles at about my apartment, a competitive price to customers in the area. The owner and sales manager have over 30 years of combined experience in new and used auto sales.

We will continue to develop our excellent working relationship with local dealers and auctions to bring the savings to the customer. Research. Read Full Business Plan. 58. Intro. Home Accessories and Gifts Business Plan. American Research Paper. The Scarlet Tassel is a start-up retail store offering eclectic home accessories and gifts to consumers wanting to create a personalized home environment that #8220;I#8217;m home#8221; feeling. The Scarlet Tassel plans to cater to middle- and upper-class consumers who look beyond the national home accessory and gift chain stores for those expressions of individual personality and style. Read Full Business Plan. Essay. 59. Home Decoration Fabrics Business Plan. Interior Views is a retail store offering home decorator fabrics and complementary home accessories and resources.

It is now approaching its fifth year in african american research paper business. This destination store offers the advantages of descriptive essay my apartment, providing fabrics specifically designed for home decorator use in fabric widths of african literature research paper, 54 inches and greater. Over 900 fabrics are available on the floor at any time with more than 10,000 sample fabrics for custom #8220;cut#8221; orders. Read Full Business Plan. 60.

Gifts, Novelties, Souvenir Business Plan. The Avant-Garde Shop is intro essay a retail store specializing in the sale of novelty of research paper, various product mix. The store, however, will emphasise the sale of official merchandise of the literature paper, Avant-Garde brand with a full assortment of apparel, accessories and stationary, as well as other lifestyle related novelties. African American Literature Research Paper. Read Full Business Plan. Basket of Goodies (BOG) is murakami a premier gift basket retailer. BOG is concentrating on literature research paper, making gourmet gift baskets out of a wide range of high-quality ingredients. In addition to having several flagship baskets, BOG will also offer the option of a custom basket allowing the customer to choose the difference between and city essay, ingredients themselves. Read Full Business Plan. ReHabiliments is a clothing and apparel business with located in literature Sandybar Harbour. American Literature. The company sells trendy clothing and apparel, such as casual and active wear, head gear, work-out gear, leather coats, and baseball jackets to an international market consisting of individuals of all ages, from all walks of life. Read Full Business Plan.

63. Drapery Fabricator Business Plan. Cutting Edge Drapery is a well-established decorators#8217; workroom. The company is engaged in the production of draperies, slip covers, and american research, other textile products in accordance with the designs and concepts of interior designers. Cutting Edge Drapery has recently expanded its production facilities and is well-positioned to descriptive about market its workroom production beyond its present client base. Read Full Business Plan. 64.

Custom-Printed T-Shirts Business Plan. African Literature Research. Your T-Shirt! is an exciting new business that allows people to custom design a shirt (specifically the design on the front or back) any way that they would like. By intelligently leveraging cutting edge technology, Your T-Shirt! will harness the power of computer sublimation to allow custom shirt printing in production runs as small as one unit. On Takashi Murakami. Read Full Business Plan. 65. African Literature Research Paper. Convenience Store Business Plan. MillenniumMart is the convenience store of the 21st Century future, fulfilling a need that will continue to exist into the future the need for speed. MillenniumMart will be the campus involvement essay, first fully automated, 24 hour convenience store that is more like an enormous dispensing machine than the literature research, traditional store. Read Full Business Plan.

Mahogany Western Wear is a new apparel store that caters to african american literature paper the African-American cowboy community in Houston, Texas. As our name suggests our focus is to provide western wear apparel and accessories, and position ourselves as the literature paper, top retail store servicing this particular market. Read Full Business Plan. Parkdale Meats , is intro a startup specialty butcher shop to be launched in the coming year. It will sell a wide menu of african american research, meats to customers including medium- and high-income residents of Parkdale, as well as high-income residents of neighboring towns, and high-end caterers. Read Full Business Plan. 68. Cell Phones Retailer Business Plan. Garbles Cellular Phones is taking advantage of an opportunity to become a highly distinguished and recognized leader in the mobile phone communications industry.

It is the goal of american research paper, our company to become established as the leading distributor of african research paper, wireless communications services in the metro area. Read Full Business Plan. Moms, Maids, and More is a wedding attire shop like no other. While most retail bridal shops focus on selling wedding gowns, our focus is everything else. We will cater to the mothers of the bride and groom, bridesmaids, and flower girls. In addition, we will provide an array of accessories for all the female members of the bridal party. Read Full Business Plan. 70. Automotive Car Repair Business Plan. To Obesity. Mad Keen Motors is a family-owned business located in a suburb of american literature paper, London. It has been under the ownership of the Keen family for 35 years and has grown from a single mechanical repair shop to five locations that deal with body and mechanical repairs, vehicle storage and towing, washing and valeting and used car sales.

Read Full Business Plan. 71. Recycling Waste Materials Business Plan. Mid-Atlantic Recycling#8217;s area of business will be to collect, recycle/compost, and market waste from municipality waste processing plants for use as a consumer good. Our recycled waste will be targeted toward fertilizer manufacturers, nurseries, landscapers, farmers, government agencies, golf courses, and other. Read Full Business Plan. Portland Mobile Auto Inspectors is a mobile car inspection service for prospective used car buyers practicing due diligence.

Portland Mobile Auto Inspectors travels around with all of the necessary test equipment to inspect used cars. Within one to one-and-a-half hours, the about, inspection is african american literature research complete and the customer is given a detailed custom printout that indicates the an argumentative essay with, tests performed and the results, thereby indicating the condition of the vehicle. Read Full Business Plan. 73. Auto Repair Service Business Plan. Quick and Dirty Auto Repair aims to african american literature offer high-quality auto repair services and a full range of auto parts. QDAR focuses on personalized service to its customers by offering convenience and rapid service.

Additionally, QDAR is technologically savvy with computerized monitoring of all parts inventory, to ensure that parts are always in stock, while keeping a balanced level of inventory to maximize inventory turnover. Read Full Business Plan. Soapy Rides will be providing customers with three services: exterior car washing, , interior cleaning, and detailing. Soapy Rides has no true competitors that are trying to offer a high quality service for literature research a reasonable rate. Most are trying to compete on price alone. Soapy Rides#8217; ability to provide a high quality service, both in regards to the actual washing as well as customer service is all based on their ability to find the best employees. Read Full Business Plan. 75.

Carpet and Upholstery Cleaning Services. Like New Carpet Cleaning will sell carpet and upholstery cleaning services to home and condominium owners, building its brand around the fact that it will make carpets look #8220;like new.#8221; To that end, the business will raise $57,500 from outside investors to purchase its delivery van, carpet-cleaning equipment, and develop a unique, service-oriented website which will keep administrative costs low and drive sales through its simple and easy accessibility for the consumer. Read Full Business Plan. African American Research. 76. Catering Company Business Plan. Fressen Catering is a kosher catering company. Fressen offers creative, colorful, and unusual food options for kosher as well as the difference between village, traditional standbys. The service offerings are quite a change relative to the existing kosher catering market which is quite stagnant. Read Full Business Plan.

77. Commercial Photography Business Plan. Flash Commercial Photography will serve small and medium-sized businesses and non-profits for all of their studio photography needs by creating beautiful shots that serve the client#8217;s needs, offering excellent service and flexibility with a personal touch, and offering value-added services related to photography. Read Full Business Plan. PC Repair will provide computer and technical consulting (repairs, training, networking and upgrade service) to local small businesses as well as home PC users. The company will focus on marketing, responsiveness, quality, and creating and retaining customer relations. Read Full Business Plan. 79. Janitorial Services Business Plan.

Clean Office Pros is a new cleaning service specializing in office cleaning and serving the literature paper, Kansas City, Missouri area. The business will sell office cleaning and related services to businesses with office spaces of any size. The business also offers office cleaning, floor treatment, carpet cleaning, and window cleaning for businesses with office space in the Kansas City area. Read Full Business Plan. 80. To Obesity. General Freight Trucking Business Plan. Mike#8217;s Trucking Service is a trucking company that aims to be one of the largest trucking companies in the country. American. Mike#8217;s is initially focusing on the food industry with plans to descriptive essay diversify into new industries. Mike#8217;s has chosen the trucking industry as the growth prospects are encouraging and stable, with trucking dominating the freight industry in this country. Read Full Business Plan. San Francisco Limo is a limousine service serving customers with top quality transportation services using late model limousine sedans.

San Francisco Limo will generate $52,000 in net profit by year three. Read Full Business Plan. City Taxi is a company whose mission is to provide reliable, timely, and safe taxi cab services by using complete, in-car credit and debit card access, along with computer-aided dispatch. The company will establish its presence in the industry by acquiring an existing taxi cab association, Mighty Cab, a family-owned business that was formed 12 years ago. Read Full Business Plan.

Integrity Auto Sales plans to provide a unique car buying experience to african its customers. One that focuses on customer satisfaction first. We understand that vehicle purchasing is a necessary, but sometimes unpleasant experience. Our goal is to provide the murakami, customer with an enjoyable, honest service by satisfying individual customers practical transportation needs with a quality product. Read Full Business Plan. 84. Personal Event Planning Business Plan. Occasions strives to be the best choice of clients by helping to ease their event planning burden. Through consistent, predictable professionalism, Occasions will ensure a worry and hassle-free event at a reasonable price. By combining old fashioned values, going the african american literature, extra mile, and using cutting edge event-planning software, Occasions will lead the market, providing the same quality results, every time. Paper. Read Full Business Plan.

The Corporate Retreat Professionals (CRP) is an event planning company specializing in corporate customers. CRP will offer two types of services, retreat training services as well as product launch event planning. The retreat training services will be either leadership development training or teaming skills training. For both types of retreats, CRP can take care of the paper, planning of the event, as well as actually hosting the training through the use of one of CRP#8217;s strategic business partners. Read Full Business Plan. To be continued… We will keep updating this list until the descriptive essay about, world runs out of sample business plans! And by the way, if you enjoyed reading this article and you#8217;re thinking of raising capital to start or grow your business, you#8217;ll love my amazing and life-changing FREE course.

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Examples Of Ethics Essays and Research Papers. Samples of Business Ethics : 1. HONESTY: Honesty is the virtue of communicating the truth and creating trust in literature, the minds of others. . Therefore, business honesty means the virtue of communicating business truth and creating business trust in the minds of others. To Obesity Essay! This communication may include verbal and non-verbal and may be transferred to customers, employees, investors, creditors, debtors, co-owners, the government, the public and anyone who may have interest in one’s business. 2. American Paper! PROMISE-KEEPING. Decision making , Ethics , Filipino language 1565 Words | 5 Pages.

?Stephanie P. Bognot PRINMAN McDonald's Code of between village Ethics for Employees The code of ethics that McDonald's employees are expected . to abide by is covered in african american literature research paper, the corporation's Standards of Business Conduct document. Each year, all employees must sign a document certifying that they've read the document and will follow its precepts. Essay! Employees also attend training related to the ethical standards. African American Research! The document is 40-plus pages and covers six themes. Research! 1. Obligations to african research paper, Customers McDonald's fosters an ethical. Business ethics , Calzone , Ethical code 1344 Words | 4 Pages. be well written, and should include clear explanations, examples , and support from the african textbook where relevant. Application: Use chapters . 11-15 from your textbook, identify, define, and provide an example from the african american literature research paper scenario of the communication concepts in action for this situation. On Takashi! Concept 1: Identify the general goal Definition: The general goal of a speech is the overall intent of paper a speech. (Source: COMM 2 pg. 149) Example : When Gloria says, “It makes the point I want to make—if.

Concept , Credibility , Critical thinking 784 Words | 4 Pages. Table of Content Topic | Page | Introduction | 3 | * Legal and Ethical Behaviors * Engineer’s role in ethics | 4 6 | . Conclusion | 8 | References | 9 | Introduction Based on society’s ethics , laws are created and enforced by african literature research paper governments to literature research, mediate in our relationships with each other. To Obesity! Laws are made by governments in order to protect its citizens. American Paper! The judiciary, legislature. Aesthetics , Business ethics , Ethics 1092 Words | 5 Pages. Ethics : U.S.

Legal System Janaica Rambo AIU Online August 23, 2012 Abstract Why is ethics such an important topic of . discussion? Choosing what is right or wrong leads to many dilemmas every day. Being knowledgeable on ethics can be helpful to people when facing ethical decisions. Descriptive Essay About My Apartment! The U.S legal system has set forth rules and principles that are to be followed to american literature paper, ensure that our legal system promotes good ethics . This paper will discuss what ethics is, how it ties to about, our legal system, and. Constitution , Ethics , Human rights 1014 Words | 3 Pages. ? THE WAY SUCCESS FROM ETHICS James P. American Research Paper! Sterba writes about how people can become more ethics , challenges environmentalism, . feminism, and multiculturalism when pursuing their goals in school, work place, and relationships in his book “Introducing ethics : for intro here and now. Moreover, he also has a concern that ethics are a personal set of principles that conduct right and american literature research wrong.

This can be based in religious beliefs, based on descriptive about, a fear of the law and its consequences or just behavior. What is. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Ethics 1448 Words | 4 Pages. Ethics , also known as moral philosophy, is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right . and wrong conduct.[1] The term comes from the Greek word ethos, which means character. Research! Ethics is a complement to Aesthetics in the philosophy field of Axiology. In philosophy, ethics studies the moral behavior in humans, and how one should act. Ethics may be divided into essays on takashi four major areas of american research study:[1] Meta- ethics , about the theoretical meaning and intro to obesity reference. Ethics , Meta-ethics , Morality 1702 Words | 5 Pages. moral commands then that person is determined as good or moral if their actions are in accordance with their god’s commands regardless of the consequences or . outcomes that may occur.

There are also other non-consequentialist theories such as ‘Duty Ethics ’ and ‘Prima Facie Duties’ (Thiroux Krassman, 2012, p.55). Absolutism and Relativism Within the studies of ethical reasoning there are two opposite views which are apparent absolutism and research paper relativism. Absolutism usually within the rule of start essay with non-consequentialists. Consequentialism , Ethics , Human 1160 Words | 3 Pages. ? Ethics MGT/498 September 26, 2013 Ethics In business there will always be the line to act with integrity or to . lie, cheat, and steal. Famous author Douglas Adams once said, “To give real service you must add something which cannot be bought or measured with money, and that is sincerity and integrity” (Heathfield, n.d). The priority of any business is to american literature paper, serve the needs and wants of the customer and more important his or her stakeholders. Any business decision made in major corporations.

Applied ethics , Business ethics , Corporate social responsibility 990 Words | 4 Pages. ROLE OF ETHICS IN BUSINESS: Ethics Defined: Ethics are principles based on doing the essay about right thing. Literature! They are the . moral values by my apartment which an american literature research paper, individual or business operates. Descriptive Essay About My Apartment! In theory, a business or individual can act ethically and still attain ultimate success. African American Literature Paper! A history of doing the right thing can be used as a selling point to heighten a person's or organization's reputation in the community. American Research Paper! Not only african research paper are ethics morally valued, they are backed by legal repercussions for failure to act within certain. Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 937 Words | 3 Pages.

1. What is african american literature paper ethics ? Ethics , also known as moral philosophy, is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, . defending and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.[1] The term comes from the Greek word ethos, which means character. 2. What is african american literature paper business ethics ? Business ethics (also corporate ethics ) is a form of applied ethics or professional ethics that examines ethical principles and on takashi moral or ethical problems that arise in a business environment. Literature Research Paper! It. Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 1494 Words | 5 Pages. ?Marvilla, Monale A. I basically like Ethics as an academic subject because it’s a supplementary learning aid to what’s supposed to be . known (at heart) by everyone without the needs of having it taught at educational facilities and intro to obesity the like. Why?

Humans are created with basic innate goodness within them; that is to say: it’s an african research paper, automatic act to avoid what is evil and yearn what is good; able to distinguish between good and evil, right or wrong, moral and immoral, and is accountable for the. Business ethics , Code of ethics , Ethical code 1896 Words | 6 Pages. and applied ethics and determine whether GE Healthcare breeched these concepts in the development of difference between essay its low cost alternatives for diagnostic . medical equipment. Provide one (1) specific example to support your rationale. Applied ethics is the art or science of american literature research reflecting on moral dilemmas and moral problems in different social contexts. One of the most influential philosophers in difference village, the field of applied ethics , James Childress, defines applied ethics as follows: The terms applied ethics and practical. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Ethics 753 Words | 4 Pages. skewed view of ethics as it appeals to the vanity and esteem of american consumers around the essays on takashi murakami world. The health care industry must provide health care . to its customers yet maintain the business with the goals of making a profit. Yale University is known for its research in the fields of science and medical technology.

All these companies practice ethics , but view ethical behavior in a different way. This paper will explore the definition and principles of literature research ethics and discuss the impact of ethics on the decision. Business ethics , Decision making , Ethics 1652 Words | 5 Pages. Virtue Virtue ethics is a broad term for theories that emphasize the role of character and virtue in moral philosophy rather than either doing . one’s duty or acting in order to bring about good consequences. A virtue ethicist is likely to give you this kind of moral advice: “Act as a virtuous person would act in your situation.” Most virtue ethics theories take their inspiration from Aristotle who declared that a virtuous person is someone who has ideal character traits. These traits derive from. Aristotle , Deontological ethics , Ethics 1388 Words | 4 Pages.

? Ethics lo1 1.1background and development of theoretical ethical approaches Deontological Theory The deontological theory state that . the consequences or outcomes of actions are not important, what actually matter is that the can you a question actions are morally justified. For example drunken driving is wrong, now if a person argues that he safely navigated his way back home and for that reason he/she should not be held accountable by law, they are wrong because their action was wrong in the first place and. Aesthetics , Deontological ethics , Ethics 998 Words | 3 Pages. Samantha St.Upery Ethics Essay ETH/316 August 7, 2014 Mrs. Mona Ristovv Ethics Essay Utilitarianism . ethics accentuates that the activity that should be ethically beneficial to the group. In further terms, the outcome of any moral activity ought to american literature, be valuable for all by essay about mass offer. This is a universal fundamental theme for ethics in american literature research, industrialist economies and business as well as in all governments.

Virtue Theory is also known as virtue ethics focal point on african american research paper, the person’s character. Consequentialism , Deontological ethics , Ethics 836 Words | 4 Pages. ethically right or wrong, but rather is judged to be morally applicable because of the african paper consequences its position creates (Lecture Week 2). So, from a . consequentialist viewpoint, a morally right action is one that creates the best overall result. American Paper! For example , a consequentialist may claim that lying is wrong because of the negative consequences it may produce like hurting someone’s feelings, however in certain foreseeable circumstances, where it could save somebody from african american literature research paper, getting into difference village essay trouble, a consequentialist. Consequentialism , Deontological ethics , Ethics 1189 Words | 4 Pages. Monday May 19, 2014 Susan Morgan Code of Ethics Paper Most professional healthcare organizations have defined a mission statement, a . code of african research paper ethics , and core values.

These three documents must be agreement with each other and work together to define the organization. A mission statement communicates the about my apartment overall purpose of the organization, and african research uses concepts such as philosophy or distinctive factors (Babnik, Breznik, Dermol, 2014). A code of ethics is defined as “one of the can you start essay with characteristics of. Business ethics , Ethics , Health care 1032 Words | 3 Pages. weather? Do you say yes the software is OK and go for launch? [Ward90] It is important to have process in organizations which encourage objections to . bad decisions, but still allow decisions to be made and progress following those decisions.

For example , the US military allows subordinates to ask Are you sure? to an order to give the african literature research paper superior officer the opportunity to essay, rethink the decision. If the officer says yes, the order must be carried out, but the simple questioning of the order is literature not insubordinance. Control engineering , Engineering , Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers 1354 Words | 4 Pages. UNIVERSIDAD LATINA DE COSTA RICA PROFESIONAL ETHIC STUDENT: YAMILETH RUIZ, DANIELA FLORES AND ALONSO CHAVES PROFESSOR: Lic Arayensth . M.C TOPIC: ETHIC IN THE DAILY LIFE 2012 Ethics in descriptive essay about, the Family A new century that has made the world a very communicative, Cyber ??Century advanced technology that goes beyond today, Century with positive and negative trends in globalization. Today we have Economically-Active Mothers, on average, the more hours a woman is employed outside the literature home;. Ethics , Family , John Stuart Mill 1623 Words | 7 Pages. responsibilities are defined by governments in laws that management is expected to essays murakami, obey. For example , U.S. business firms are required to paper, hire . and promote people based on their credentials rather than to discriminate on non-job-related characteristics such as race, gender, or religion.

3. Ethical responsibilities of an can you start, organization’s management are to follow the generally held beliefs about behavior in a society. For example , society generally expects firms to work with the employees and african american the community in. Business ethics , Cultural relativism , Ethics 1064 Words | 4 Pages. ? Ethics Of…. Boxing is a violent sport full of hate where the only objective is to knock your opponent . unconscious. Intro To Obesity! This is a very quick and biased view of boxing because if you study boxing closer it helps teach the person about their moral character. Boxing helps teach people to “get off the canvas and roll with the punches” (Marino, 2010, para 8) and to african, face their fears, two important lessons to get through life. Throughout the article written by Marino, he educates. Aristotelian ethics , Aristotle , Courage 848 Words | 3 Pages. My personal ethics development has been a process and start an argumentative essay with a question it has changed over the years from people influencing me and myself maturing. As a child, . I was raised well by my mother who always taught me to do the right thing when no one was looking.

She always made sure I respected my elders and had good manners. I went to a Catholic school when I was in grade school and american literature high school. My family and I would go to church every Sunday and have dinner together every night. My family always taught me to have. Business ethics , Decision making , Decision making software 1085 Words | 3 Pages. ? Ethics Melissa S. Nash Liberty University Abstract The present paper provides an in an argumentative essay with, depth comparison and contrast between two types of . Code of Ethics : the American Counseling Association (ACA) and the American Association of Christian Counselors (AACC). A brief description of the “Code of research Ethics ” is defined as a standard that differentiates between right and descriptive essay about wrong primarily pertaining to the professional counselor, while maintaining a mindset of keeping the best interest of the client. Code. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Code of african literature research paper ethics 2018 Words | 10 Pages. ?Scholars do not agree on between village essay, where the name for the Nicomachean Ethics comes from. American Paper! Both Aristotle’s father and his son were named Nicomachus, so . it is possible that the book is dedicated to either one.

Other scholars suggest that Aristotle’s son may have edited the book after Aristotle died, so that the on takashi murakami title “Nicomachean” may refer to this particular edition of african literature research paper Aristotle’s ethical works. Happiness is the highest good and the end at which all our activities ultimately aim. Can You Start With A Question! All our activities aim at. Aristotle , Ethics , Eudaimonia 1402 Words | 3 Pages. wrong. Sommers suggested the teachers to teach their students individual virtues as they are further away from their morality. African American Research! Striking changes have taken . place from the more directive teaching of right and wrong, by study and example , to situation ethics , dilemma ethics and other approaches that rationally dissect moral acts. The set of approaches imply that there are no moral absolutes to uphold. Sommers feels that if students are taught that way they can lose a sense of murakami moral direction.

Education , Ethics , History of education 898 Words | 3 Pages. Reporting Practices and Ethics Melanie Williams HCS/405 November . 20, 2012 Mark Williams Reporting Practices and Ethics Financial practices and ethics can play an important part of any organization including the health care environment. American Literature Paper! In order for the health care organization to be successful one must adopt an efficient financial practice and possess ethical standards. The management of between village and city essay finances for a health care. Balance sheet , Business ethics , Ethics 858 Words | 3 Pages. for everyone to african american literature paper, follow in essays on takashi, all circumstances. (Ruggeiro. V.R. ,2011) 2.0 What Is a Virtue? The first systematic description of literature research virtue ethics . Descriptive Essay About My Apartment! was written down by Aristotle in american research paper, his famous work Nichomachean Ethics . Essays Murakami! Aristotle said that a virtue is research a trait of character manifested in habitual action. An Argumentative With! The word “habitual” here is african american literature important.

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MAURICE A. MCKOY TRIDENT UNIVERSITY CASE STUDY 2 Case Study Business Ethics In the past there have been several cases in the business . environment related to the practices of accountants and auditors who have violated the trust and confidence of public. A number of on takashi murakami researches have been conducted to find the potential factors resulting in unethical, biased or inappropriate decision making and judgments by the professionals. The aim of african american literature research paper this paper is to review two academic articles and between village essay conclude. Accountancy , Accountant , Applied ethics 963 Words | 3 Pages. ? Ethics Essay Ethics Essay In life one must deal with moral and ethical dilemmas. “ Ethics is defined . African American Research! as the discipline dealing with what is good and bad and with moral obligation” (Merriam-Webster Dictionary, 2013). It studies human moral behavior and descriptive essay how one should act. Ethics helps to african, explain how a person should feel about a particular situation.

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Define two ethical theories introduces in this course along with their proponents and can you essay the major criticisms of the theory. Ethics are the principles of conduct governing an individual or group and morals are our personal character. African American Research! John was 32 when he died from asbestos, he was working at a corporation when. Business ethics , Deontological ethics , Ethics 798 Words | 3 Pages. governing medical ethics ,” reflects their social responsibility and commitment to America’s health care industry (American Medical Association, . 1995-2013). To Obesity Essay! The American Medical Association is an organization that bases its philosophies on core values and a strong code of ethics . The goal of the american AMA is to essays murakami, improve the healthcare industry for patients and medical professionals while developing acceptable ethical behavior. African Literature! This paper will analyze the essays relationship between the AMA’s code of african literature research ethics and intro to obesity essay core values. Ethics , Health , Health care 738 Words | 5 Pages.

the company acting as moral agent 4 3-2 Analyze the development of research mechanisms for achieving employee involvement and empowerment 4 4-1 Research a current . ethical issue affecting a selected business 6 4-2 Report on how the business could improve the ethics of their operations whilst meeting objectives and literature research paper ensuring good employer / employee relationship 6 4-3 Design a suitable ethical code 7 Conclusion 8 References 9 Acknowledgement This report is about the ethical approaches and practices are adopted. Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 1886 Words | 9 Pages. the outcome or consequences. African American Literature! Therefore, Arjuna is a warrior at involvement war, because of research paper this he must always fight when directed to fight regardless of the . consequences. African! I’m not completely sure how you compare or relate Krishna’s advice to care ethics because to me care ethics is not shown even in the slightest by Krishna.

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There is campus involvement another student who breezes through the assignments, getting high marks for the work he turns in. You know for a fact that he has used his college-aged cousin to do some of the american paper assignments for him. You don’t know how many assignments were turned in this. Air traffic control , Computer software , Ethics 1415 Words | 4 Pages. Ethics The Point was founded on the idea of serving the greater good; therefore it is no surprise that most of the same principles of social . responsibility have found their way into descriptive essay about my apartment Groupon’s core values, as well. Groupon’s roots in social activism and its desire to support local causes are initiated through the “G-Team,” a collective group of subscribers and staff who run large-scale campaigns to support the african literature community that can include anything from essay my apartment, a flash mob to fundraiser. They raised millions.

Business ethics , Corporate social responsibility , Culture 821 Words | 3 Pages. benefits associated with globalization. The case highlights the managerial capabilities and style of the Manager, Tom Chong; the cultural variations in the . perception of business as an entity and its relationships with society, employee attitude to work ethics , and legal variables governing the operations of international corporations. The Malaysian system poses a socio-ethical dilemma especially with the giving and receipts of bribes by appointed employees as well as the american literature research exchange of favors (or request. Case analysis , Case study , Code of conduct 908 Words | 2 Pages. Ethics and to obesity essay Cultural Diversity Sensitivity Seminar Marsha F. Ward CJA/484 November 19, 2012 Robert Metzger, M.A. American Literature Research! . Ethics and Cultural Diversity Sensitivity Seminar Every two months in any major police department across the and city country police officers attend an ethics and cultural diversity sensitivity seminar.

The seminar brings the officers up-to-date on african american, ethics , and african research cultural diversity issues brought to the management’s attention along with future information. The ethics and cultural. Constable , Crime , Criminal justice 1657 Words | 6 Pages. social sciences and humanities. Many ethnomusicological works are created not necessarily by 'ethnomusicologists' proper, but instead by anthropologists . examining music as an aspect of a culture. A well-known example of such work is Colin Turnbull's study of the Mbuti pygmies. Another example is Jaime de Angulo, a linguist who ended up learning much about the music of the research Indians of Northern California [2]. Yet another is Anthony Seeger, professor at the University of California, Los Angeles, who. Anthropology , Community building , Ethnomusicology 1424 Words | 5 Pages.

? Q1. Explain how utilitarian might prove a defence for Roche and how a rights-based ethic might instead condemn Roche’s drug trails in China. . A. Campus Involvement! According to the Utilitarian Ethics point of view that support the benefits of greater number of african american research paper people compare to the loss of fewer people or supports the idea that gives happiness to the majority. As far as this case is can you start an argumentative with considered utilitarian does support Roche’s drug tests on transplant patient because the test helps the african american literature company to create medicines like. Bioethics , Business ethics , Ethics 1433 Words | 3 Pages. collected from 345 business manager participating in executive MBA programs in selected schools across India, Korea and the United States looked at the . relation between Hofstede’s four cultural dimensions and the attitude of individuals toward business ethics in campus involvement essay, general and toward twelve common questionable practices in particular. It concluded that there existed strong relationship between cultural dimensions of individualism and literature research paper power distance and ethical attitudes of business managers toward certain.

Applied ethics , Business ethics , Descriptive ethics 985 Words | 4 Pages.